100+ Construction Tools and Equipment with Images and Uses

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Explore a comprehensive construction tools list for various construction fields. Find the right tools for your construction project, from hand tools to heavy machinery.



 A. Introduction 

Tools and equipment are essential components in the construction industry for building, demolition, and excavation activities.

These items range from simple hand tools like hammers, saws, and screwdrivers to heavy machinery like excavators, bulldozers, and cranes.

The specific tools and equipment employed depend on the project’s size, complexity, and construction task. Accurate maintenance and function of these tools and equipment are vital for a successful construction project.

Construction tools and equipment are used to build, maintain, and renovate structures. They can be hand-held, power-operated, or machine-operated.

I. Hand tools like hammers, saws, drills, and screwdrivers are used for cutting, fastening, and shaping materials.

II. Power tools like circular saws, table saws, miter saws, grinders, and sanders offer more power and efficiency than hand tools.

III. Machine-operated tools like bulldozers, excavators, cranes, and forklifts are used for heavy-duty construction tasks, such as earthmoving, lifting, and transporting materials.



  B. 100+ Basic Construction Tools List  

1. HammerHammerUsed in general carpentry, framing, nail pulling, etc.
2. ChiselChiselUsed in woodwork, which must be helpful to remove the concrete bumps or excess concrete on the surface of the formwork.
3. Plumb BobPlumb BobUsed to check the verticality.
4. Pick AxePick AxeUsed to excavate the soil.
5. Measuring TapeMeasuring TapeUsed to measure masonry walls’ thickness, length, and widths, etc.
6. Line and PinsLine and PinsUtilized to level the alignment of the brick course while laying brick.
7. LadderLadderUsed to climb on the roofs or higher places.
8. HoeHoeUsed to dig the soil.
9. ShovelShovelUsed to dig and move soil.
10. FloatFloatUsed to make the concrete surfaces smooth during construction.
11. GlovesGlovesUsed to protect fingers from dust and chemicals.
12. Measuring BoxMeasuring BoxUsed to measure the amount of sand and aggregate utilized for making concrete.
13. Measuring wheelMeasuring wheelUsed to measure distances or lengths.
14. PolisherPolisherUtilized to smoothen/polish the surface of tiles, woodwork, etc.
15. Putty KnifeUsed to apply putty on the surfaces to the desired thickness.
16. Rubber BootsRubber BootsUsed to protect legs from direct contact with dust and chemicals.
17. Earth RammerEarth RammerUsed for leveling/compacting Surfaces.
18. Mason’s SquareMason's SquareUsed to gain a perfect right angle at the corner of the masonry wall.
19. ScratchersScratchersUsed for creating designs or textures on surfaces.
20. Sledge HammerSledge HammerUsed when the ground is hard and contains rock layers.
21. TrowelTrowelUsed for plastering and smoothing concrete surfaces.
22. Spirit LevelSpirit LevelUsed to check the level of the ground, walls, etc.
23. Straight Edge BrushStraight Edge BrushesUsed to paint the plastered surface.
24. VibratorVibratorUsed to compact the concrete.
25. WedgeWedgeUsed to cut the rock surfaces with the help of a sledgehammer.
26. Wheel BarrowWheel Barrow Used to transport materials like cement, sand, concrete mix, etc.
27. Tile CutterTile CutterUsed to cut tile.
28. Sand Screen MachineSand Screen MachineUsed to screen the sand or fine aggregate before mixing it with concrete.
29. Safety GlassesSafety GlassesTo protect the eyes from dust, chemicals,  etc.
30. Safety HelmetSafety HelmetUsed to protect the head from injury or any fatal accident.
31. RammerRammerUsed for compressing or compacting the soil.
32. Jack PlaneUsed in the woodwork to smoothen the surface of the wood.
33. Plumb RulePlumb RuleUsed to measure the vertical line of the wall, whether perfectly vertical or not.
34. Head PanHead PanCommonly used in construction sites to carry materials.
35. Hand SawHand SawUtilized to cut the wooden materials.
36. End FramesEnd FramesIt supports the brickwork by leveling the alignment accurately.
37. Digging BarDigging BarUsed to dig the soil surfaces.
38. Drill MachineDrill Machine Used to make holes in the walls, slabs, doors, window frames, etc.
39. Concrete MixerConcrete MixerUsed to mix the ingredients for concrete preparation.
40. CrowbarCrowbarUsed for removing nails or to force apart two objects.
41. Circular SawCircular Saw Used to cut the wood boards, frames, etc.
42. Chain Lewis and Pin LewisChain Lewis and Pin LewisUsed to lift heavy stones
43. Boning RodsBoning Rods Used to level the dug trench throughout its length.
44. Bump CutterBump CutterUsed to level and smoothen the concrete surfaces.
45. Bull DozerBull Dozerused for shallow digging and ditching.
46. ExcavatorExcavatorUsed for Digging trenches and material handling.
47. BackhoeBackhoe Used for various work such as transporting materials, excavation, etc.
48. GradersGradersUsed in the construction and maintenance of dirt roads.
49. LoadersLoaders Used for loading materials into trucks, laying pipes, etc.
50. Cordless DrillCordless DrillUsed to make pilot holes.
51. Vacuum BlowerVacuum BlowerUsed to clean the dust from the surfaces.
52. Flat Pry BarFlat Pry BarUsed for prying, scraping, and pulling.
53. Binding HookBinding HookUsed for binding the steel on joints or junctions.
54. Core Cutter MachineCore Cutter Machine Used to cut/drill cores of various concrete or bituminous pavement diameters.
55. Dewatering PumpDewatering PumpUsed to remove groundwater, or surface water, to lower the water table.
56. Drilling MachineDriling MachineUsed to drill woods and metals.
57. DumpersDumpersUsed to transport materials to and from the construction site.
58. ForkliftForklift Used for loading and unloading materials from trucks and also for carrying goods.
59. Framing SquareFraming Square Used for laying out and marking patterns in framing, roofing, etc.
60. Vibrating TableVibrating Table Used to aid the compaction of materials in containers, boxes, and bulk bags
61. Surface VibratorSurface VibratorUsed for compacting small slabs or horizontal surfaces.
62. Shutter VibratorShutter VibratorUsed to consolidate the freshly poured foundation and the compact surface of precast concrete.
63. Needle Vibrator

Needle VibratorIt is used for the proper compaction of concrete.
64. Safety BeltSafety BeltUsed to protect workers from falling while working at heights.
65. Tower CraneTower CraneUsed for moving heavy goods, materials, or tools around a site
66. Trenchers CutterTrenchers Cutter Used to dig trenches.
67. Rebound HammerRebound HammerUsed to measure the hardness of concrete using the rebound principle.
68. Road Rollerroad rollerUsed to compact soil, gravel, concrete, or asphalt in constructing roads and foundations.
69. Road Header MachineRoad Header MachineUsed to excavate roadways, tunnels, and compartments continuously without using volatile.
70. Water Level Water LevelUsed to determine the level spot of bricks during laying.
71. ScoopScoopUsed to collect cement, soil, etc.
72. Hydra CraneHydra CraneUsed for loading, unloading, and transporting materials.
73. HoistHoistUsed for lifting or lowering a load utilizing a drum or a chain.
74. Flat Pry BarFlat Pry BarUsed for prying, scraping, and pulling.
75. Jack PlaneJack PlaneUsed for dressing timber.
76. Torpedo LevelTorpedo LevelUsed to determine the surface level.
77. Framing HammerFraming HammerUsed for heavy carpentry work.
78. Pile DriverPile DriverUsed to drive piles into the soil to provide foundation support for buildings.
79. Wrecking Ball CraneWrecking Ball CraneUsed to demolish large buildings.
80. PaversPaversUsed to pave the road.
81. CompactorsCompactorUsed to compact the flexible pavements during construction.
82. Feller BunchersFeller BunchersUsed in logging.
83. Adjustable WrenchAdjustable WrenchUsed to support or turn pipes or circular bars or nuts.
84. ScrewdriversScrewdriversUsed for driving screws
85. PliersPliersUsed to open or tighten nuts.
86. Sod rollerSod rollerUsed to compact the ground.
87. WirecutterWirecutterUsed to cut wires.
88. SpannerspannerUsed to tight screws, nuts, etc.
89. SpokeshaveSpokeshaveUsed to provide the shape and smooth woods in woodworking.
90. ClampClampUsed for carpentry, woodworking, furniture making, welding, construction, and metalworking.
91. FileFileUsed to remove/smooth rough and sharp edges from cut metal
92. Concrete BroomConcrete BroomsUsed to create a slip-resistant texture on the surface of the concrete.
93. Brick TongsBrick TongsUsed to carry several bricks at a time.
94. Soil ProbesSoil ProbesUsed to check the soil condition/information.
95. TheodoliteTheodoliteUsed to measure horizontal and vertical angles.
96. Total stationTotal stationUsed for measuring horizontal angles, vertical angles, and distance.
97. LevellingLevellingUsed to measure the height of one level relative to another.
98. StaffStaffIt helps in collecting reading during the theodolite or level process.
99. PegsStaffTo mark stations.
100. CompassCompassTo know the direction.
101. Concrete FloatConcrete Bull FloatUsed to finish concrete surfaces.
102. ChainChainUsed to drag heavy equipment.
103. Mortar Tubs and StandsMortar Tubs and StandsUsed for mixing, dumping, and transporting construction material
104. Utility KnifeUtility KnifeUsed to cut ropes, cardboard, etc.
105. ArrowsArrows in Surveying: Functions, Benefits, Materials, and Key Differences from PegsUsed to mark the boundaries and points.
106. BroomBroomUsed to clean concrete surfaces and plastered surfaces.



  C. Concreting – Construction Tools List  

Names Images Uses
1. TrowelTrowelUsed to smooth concrete surfaces.
2. Spackle KnifeSpackle KnifeUsed for scraping surfaces or spreading material such as plaster or concrete in various construction trades.
3. Spirit LevelSpirit levelUsed to indicate how parallel (level) or perpendicular (plumb) a surface is relative to the earth.
4. Straight edgeStraight edgeUsed for making the concrete surfaces smooth and uniform.
5. FloatFloatUsed for making the concrete surface smooth and flat.
6. Plumb bobplumb bobUsed to establish a vertical reference (called a plumb line).
7. Floating RuleFloating RuleUsed to check the concrete surface level between successive layers ( E.g., rigid pavement).
8. Paddle MixerPaddle Mixer Used ideally for quick and convenient mixing of materials.
9. HammerHammerUsed in breaking concrete ( mainly while providing construction joints ).


10. Tube LevelTube LevelUsed to transfer a vertical level across a distance.
11. ThreadThreadUsed for maintaining the level of the concrete.
12. BucketBucketUsed to transport/carry concrete
13. ShovelShovelUsed to mix the cement, sand, aggregate, and water.
14. WorkbootsWorkbootsUsed for protection of feet.
15. Safety GlassesSAFETY GLASSES Used as a shield to protect the eyes from any foreign debris that may cause irritation or injury.
16. Digging BarsDIGGING BARUsed for breaking up clay, concrete, frozen ground, and other hard materials, moving or breaking up tree roots and obstacles, and making holes in the ground for fence posts.
17. VibratorsVibratorsUsed to eliminate air pockets that can remain when pouring concrete that can ruin the integrity of the concrete.
18. Vapour RetardersVapour RetardersUsed to accomplish water vapor diffusion and air movement control with one material.



  D. Excavating – Construction Tools List  

I. Hand Tools list
NamesImages Uses
1. SpadeSpadeUsed for digging straight-edged holes or trenches, slicing and lifting sod, and edging flower beds or lawns.
2. ShovelShovelUsed to dig as well as to move loose materials.
3. HoeHoeUsed in gardening and horticulture to loosen soil and chop weeds.
4. TrowelTrowelUsed for digging small holes or removing weeds.
5. RakeRakeUsed before excavating the top, clear the leaves and dust on the surface.
6. Pick AxeAxeUsed for breaking up hard ground or rock.
7. MattockMattockUsed for digging, prying, and chopping.
8. Digging BarsDIGGING BARUsed for breaking up clay, concrete, frozen ground, and other hard materials, moving or breaking up tree roots and obstacles, and making holes in the ground for fence posts.



II. Machinery Tools list
9. Tracked ExcavatorTracked ExcavatorUsed for digging, material handling, demolition, and open-pit mining.
10. Wheeled ExcavatorWheeled ExcavatorUsed for scrapyard work, road work, material handling, waste handling
11. Back Hoe ExcavatorBack Hoe ExcavatorUsed for light transportation of building materials, construction, small demolitions, excavation, etc.
12. BulldozerBulldozerUsed for shallow digging and ditching.
13. Dragline ExcavatorsDragline ExcavatorsUsed for road, port construction, pond, and canal dredging, and as pile driving rigs.
14. TrenchersTrenchersUsed to dig trenches, especially for laying pipes or electrical cables, installing drainage, or preparing for trench warfare.



  E. Plastering – Construction Tools List  

Names Images Uses
1. TrowelTrowelUsed for plastering and smoothing surfaces.
2. Spackle KnifeSpackle KnifeUsed for scraping surfaces or spreading material such as plaster in various construction trades.
3. Spirit LevelSpirit levelUsed to indicate how parallel (level) or perpendicular (plumb) a surface is relative to the earth.
4. Straight edgeStraight edge Used for ruling, cement render screeding, tiling, and as a general construction straight edge.
5. FloatFloatUsed for making plaster smooth and flat.
6. Plumb bobplumb bobUsed to establish a vertical reference (called a plumb line).
7. Floating RuleFloating RuleUsed to check the level of the plastered surface between the successive layers.
8. Paddle MixerPaddle Mixer Used ideally for quick and convenient mixing of paint, plaster, and more.
9. HammerHammerUsed to chip out chunks of plaster and to re-secure or remove problematic pieces of lath.
10. Plaster SpongePlaster Sponge Used for providing a final coat and finishing touch on a plastered surface.


11. HawkHawk Used to carry mortar or plaster from the mixing table to the surface being worked on.
12. Tube LevelTube LevelUsed to transfer a vertical level across a distance.
13. Water BrushWater BrushUsed during the final smoothing stage of your plaster job.
14. ThreadThreadUsed for checking the level of plaster of different structures.
15. BucketBucketUsed to transport/carry mortar.
16. BroomBroomUsed during the final smoothing stage of your plasterwork.
17. ShovelShovelUsed to mix the cement, sand, and water.



  F. Demolition – Construction Tools List  

1. Sledge HammerDemolition of drywall, concrete, wood, etc.
2. CrowbarCrowbarUsed to open nailed wooden crates.
3. PliersPliersUsed for gripping.
4. Nail PullerNail PullerUsed for pulling out nails, even if they are sunken into the wood.
5. Demolition hammerdemolition hammerUsed for the demolition of concrete and various structures
6. BackhoeBackhoeUsed to collapse the building walls.
7. MaskMaskUsed to stop dust particles from going inside the nose or mouth.
8. HelmetHelmetUsed to protect the head.
9. Gloves and BootsGloves and BootsUsed to protect hands and legs.
10. GlassesGlassesUsed to protect eyes from dust particles.
11. Skid Steer LoadersSkid Steer LoadersUsed on demolition projects of a more significant scale.
12. Excavator Wrecking BallExcavator Wrecking BallUsed for demolishing large/tall buildings.



  G. Tunnel Making – Construction Tools List  

NamesImages Uses
1. RoadheaderroadheaderUsed for excavating rock in mining and civil construction projects.
2. Drilling JumboDrilling JumboUsed in underground mining.
3. Air Ventilator Air Ventilator Used for providing oxygen inside the tunnel.
4. Crawler HaggloaderCrawler HaggloaderUsed in excavating tunnel mining, mine engineering, and hydraulic engineering.
5. Wheel LoaderWheel LoaderUsed for lifting almost anything, such as debris, gravel, soil, dirt, pallets, etc.
6. DumperDumperUsed to transport materials to and from a construction site.
7. BreakerBreakerUsed for breaking hard stones, rocks, and hard strata.
8. TelehandlerTelehandlerUsed in construction sites, allowing you to reach out and over obstacles, and are also majorly utilized in repair and maintenance.
9. Batching PlantBatching PlantUsed for preparing large quantities of concrete.
10. Transit-MixerTransit-MixerUsed to transport concrete mortar from a concrete batching plant.


11. Shotcrete MachineShotcrete MachineUsed to line tunnel walls in mines, subways, and automobile tunnels.
12. MAI PumpTunnel Making Tools ListUsed for mixing cement primarily for grouting when drilling MAI anchors.
13. Crawler ExcavatorCrawler ExcavatorUsed for digging trenches, holes, and foundations, as well as for handling materials, moving earth, demolition, dredging, etc.
14. Total StationTotal StationUsed in modern surveying.
15. Crusher PlantCrusher PlantUsed to reduce the size of rocks, stones, and ore.



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Verified by:  Er. Bipana Kshetri Puri 
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