Table of Contents
In this article, we will discuss types of wood.
Woods are products made from a tree. In this world, there are more than 60,000 types of trees in this world, that have the ability to provide different qualities of wood. Nowadays, the product of wood is mostly used for decoration as compared to construction. The wood was used to be used in construction in the past times. Wood has been replaced by steel and other materials in the field of construction.
2. Types of Wood
1. Akasa Wood
Akasa wood is the type of heartwood and sapwood. Akasa wood is straight-grained grey-brown color. Acacia has been an extremely durable wood. Its density and hardness provide it the properties of the perfect material for heavy-use pieces such as dining tables and dining benches in interior joinery, light structural work, flooring, utility furniture, and veneer for plywood, and turnery. An Akasa wood is beneficial as interior wood. When properly cared these woods will long last for decades.
2. Ash Wood
Ashwood is one type of light wood and it provides a distinctive luster when smoothed. Its structure is almost open grain and is reasonably hard-wearing. This wood can be stained to almost any color.
Color: Beige or light brown
Source: White Ash Tree
Common Uses: Furniture, floors, cabinets, etc.
Density: 1320 on the Janka scale
3. Balsa Wood
Balsa wood is the lightest and softest but is kept in a division of hardwood timber. It is a large, fast-growing tree native to the Americas. It is the sole member of the genus Ochroma. It is used for heat, sound, and vibration insulation.
Color: Pale reddish-brown
Source: Balsa tree
Common Uses: Buoys, rafts, surfboards, model airplanes, musical instruments, etc.
4. Bamboo Wood
In the field of construction, bamboo is usually used because it is cheap, strong, and fastly growing than other types of wood. As result, it makes construction cheap.
Bamboo is a giant woody fast-growing plant having a hollow jointed stem with high compressive and tensile strength.
Bamboo has very strong fiber with compressive strength twice the concrete and tensile strength near to steel. It can be curved without breaking due to the strong and flexible fiber present in it.
Because of these advantageous physical and strength characteristics, bamboo is suitable material for application in different types of structures and constructions.
5. Beech Wood
Beech wood is very essential and majorly utilized hardwood in Europe. Its hardness, wear-resistance, strength, and excellent bending capabilities are properties for making it more popular than other types of hardwood.
Beech wood has been kept at high temperatures to get a unique red color.
6. Brazilian Mahogany Wood
Brazilian mahogany is denser than that of many African mahoganies. It can be utilized for preparing boats and different construction work use.
7. Cedar Wood
Cedar Woods is used for preparing quality home furniture. It provides a great appearance, cedar is aromatic and natural insect-repelling wood. Because of its durability quality, it is utilized for higher weather and external application. Its many unique features make it different from other wood.
The cedar is not a wood of a specific species. Rather cedar contains many species of wood. More than 15 cedar species are found in the cedar species. They are very near to each other and they are unique in features of color, hardness, and rot resistance. They are utilized on the basis of their properties.
Its dark color, lightweight, and soft texture appear it beautiful and more demanding. It is utilized for fencing, decking, siding, trim, and many other applications. Due to its aromatic properties, It is also utilized for clothing storage and oil. It is popular all over the world.
8. Celtis Wood
Celtis wood is a genus of nearly 60–70 species of deciduous trees, majorly known as hackberries or nettle trees, straight-grained but few times interlocked wood. It is obtained with yellowish-grey heartwood and sapwood and a fine texture with a lustrous look. It is mainly used for interior joinery and trims.
9. Conifer Wood
Conifer wood is obtained from coniferous or cone-bearing trees is known as conifer woods. These trees are evergreen, the trees have needle-like leaves and make softwood timber. Conifer wood is comparatively homogeneous in structure and has primarily tracheids, uniseriate xylem rays, and, in some genera, also axial parenchyma and epithelial cells around resin canals.
10. Cherry Wood
Cherry wood has the color reddish–brown and it comes up with straight-grained wood that may hold pith flecks and tiny gum pockets that make random patterning.
Cherry wood is the best wood for carving because it is soft sufficient to be carved effortlessly but is also hard sufficient to hold its shape. Cherry wood also has an attractive, rich color that makes it a popular selection for the use of furniture, carvings, and other decorative items.
11. Dahoma Wood
Dahoma wood has coarse interlocked grain, yellowish-brown streaky heartwood, and pale sapwood. It is the hard timber majorly for exterior utilize, such as exterior structural timbers, mining timbers, marine work, sleepers, outdoor furniture, etc.
12. Danta Wood
The sapwood is light brown with a pinkish tinge and is sharply derived from the heartwood, which is reddish-brown and has a lustrous surface. It’s a hard and strong wearing surface. It is majorly utilized for high-quality joinery, cabinetwork, benchtops, boat components, and decking.
13. Douglas fir Wood
14. European Beech Wood
European beech or common beech is a deciduous tree similar to the beech family Fagaceae. It is grown in Europe and is a white to pale brown color hardwood. It is utilized for furniture, interior joinery, and flooring, and can also be used for plywood.
15. Elm Wood
16. Greenheart Wood
The Greenheart is grown and available in Guyana. It has color dense yellow or olive green to brown hardwood utilized for large construction such as bridges, marine, and freshwater construction. Greenheart is considered very durable and is also withstands many insect attacks. It’s also considered to be one of the best-suited woods for furniture.
17. Iroko Wood
Iroko wood trees are grown in West Africa. It contains the color yellow-brown hardwood with a small grain that is irregular and interlocked. Iroko wood is generally used for interior and exterior joinery and for construction work. A cheaper option to teak. It is also called African, or Nigerian, teak, but the iroko is not similar to the teak family. It is very durable.
18. Khaya Wood
Khaya wood is a beautiful hardwood species from equatorial West Africa. It is similar in appearance and properties to Honduras Mahogany. It’s lighter in weight than Brazilian mahogany but has a coarser texture.
19. Ligneous Wood
The ligneous wood materials are bagasse, bamboo, cereal straw, and flax or hemp shives, obtained from the ligneous plants. It is very cheap and affordable.
20. Maple Wood
Maple wood is very strong, hard, and has a high resistance to knocks. After stained, it has a light, translucent appearance. Maple is available in Canada and is one of the hardest species.
It is straight-grained and is distinguished by irregular patterning, which can contain fiddle back and bird’s eye patterns. It is obtained with light brown heartwood color and thin white sapwood that can be tinged with reddish-brown.
21. Meranti Wood
Meranti Wood is very flexible wood with different subspecies, and sources. The meranti wood species are utilized for residential utilization and it is imported to the United States from Southeast Asia. Meranti is one of the easiest hardwoods to deal with, such as it easily cuts, machines process it just as sands.
a. Dark red meranti and red lauan are medium to dark–red-brown hardwoods used for interior and exterior joinery and for plywood.
b. Yellow meranti are yellow-brown hardwoods, used for interior joinery and plywood.
c. Light red meranti and white lauan, are pale pink to mid-red hardwoods, used for interior joinery and plywood.
22. Oak Wood
Oakwood is utilized for construction timber. It is mainly straight-grained and colors vary from light to medium brown. A few times, it is called red oak because its autumnal foliage has more flecks and a defined grained finish. Oak wood is very heavy, hard-wearing, and very strong, so used for flooring, paneling, decking, etc.
23. Oak, European Wood
It is hugely grown in Europe and is a yellowish-brown hardwood utilized for furniture, interior, and exterior joinery, flooring, barrels, and fencing.
24. Opepe Wood
Opepe wood is majorly grown and available in West Africa. It contains the color yellow to orange-yellow hardwood. It is utilized for heavy construction, marine, and freshwater construction, and for exterior joinery and flooring.
25. Okoume Wood
The heartwood of Okoumé contains a light grey pink color, usually with a reddish shade. The sapwood is whitish-grey and normally easy to separate. It is only available in the forests of Gabon.
Okoume wood is softwood and has color salmon pink in color with a fibrous texture and an irregular grain that looks like light mahogany. Okoume trees mainly manufacture cylindrical logs, which are best for slicing and peeling and utilized to prepare veneer sheets.
Pinewood is an inexpensive and more easily found option than traditional hardwoods. It is one type of pale wood that can vary from yellow to almost red in appearance. Pinewood is highly capable to withstand wear and denting, especially in high–traffic areas.
Color: Creamy White Hue / Yellow
Source: Pine Tree
Common Uses: Making doors, windows, partitions, decks, railings, paneling, etc.
Density: 990 kg/m³
27. Pitch Pine Wood
A softwood pine has good strength and durability compared to major pines. The commercial graded pitch pine is utilized for constructional work.
Color: Reddish brown
Source: Pinus Rigida Tree
Common Uses: Pulpwood, crating, fuel, etc. Density: 590 kg/m³
28. Poplar Wood
Poplar wood is a species of wood most commonly used in the making of furniture, cabinets, wooden toys, plywood, etc. It is pale, light, and very soft. It is majorly utilized in joinery, furniture interiors, and packing cases, and for preparing plywood.
Color: Whitish or greyish
Source: Tulip Tree
Common Uses: Pulpwood, crating, fuel, etc.
Density: 500 kg/m³
29. Redwood, European
Pinus sylvestris is grown in Scandinavia, the Baltic States, and the Russian Commonwealth. It is also normally found in the UK, where it’s known as Scots pine or British pine. It has colored a pale yellowish-brown to red-brown softwood. It is also utilized for construction, joinery, and furniture.
30. Sapele Wood
It is a deciduous tree only during a dry season in West Africa, with leaves that can grow up to 10 cm in size. It is also found in and grown in South East Asia and is a medium reddish-brown hardwood with a marked stripe figure, used for interior joinery, furniture, etc.
31. Sitka Spruce Wood
Sitka Spruce wood is obtained with a close and straight-grained wood with a high strength to weight ratio.
32. Southern Yellow Pine
southern yellow pine is utilized for interior and exterior construction as it’s good to work with and finishes well. It has minimum defects.
33. Teak Wood
Teak wood is grown in Burma and Thailand. It has been hugely planted. It has the major color of golden brown hardwood, with dark markings that are utilized for furniture, interior, and exterior joinery.
34. Utile Wood
Utile woods are planted and grown in West Africa. It has the color reddish-brown hardwood, utilized for interior and exterior joinery, furniture, and cabinetwork.
35. Walnut Wood
Walnut wood has irregular waves and curls and rich dark tones that are made through a combination of rich dark heartwood and creamy brown sapwood. It is obtained with ranging grain patterns.
36. Western Hemlock Wood
Western Hemlock wood is majorly available in North America and is pale brown softwood, utilized for construction and joinery.
37. Western Red Cedar Wood
Western Red Cedar is majorly planted in North America and is a reddish-brown softwood, utilized for roofing shingles, exterior cladding, etc.
38. Whitewood, European Wood
Whitewood is planted and grown in Europe, the Baltic states, and the Russian Commonwealth. It’s a commercial grouping of white to pale yellowish-brown softwoods, utilized for construction, joinery, and flooring.
|Read Also: Bamboo as a Construction Material|
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