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This article clearly describes One Way Slab Vs. Two Way Slab, in other words, carries detailed information about the Difference Between One Way Slab and Two Way Slab.
The slab is a structural component of modern buildings with a flat, horizontal cast concrete surface.
Steel-reinforcement slabs, with thicknesses ranging from 100 to 500 mm, are commonly used for constructing floors and ceilings.
1. One-Way Slab
The one-way slab can be defined as the type of slab in which the ratio of the longer to the shorter span is more than two.
(Longer Span / Shorter Span) ≥ 2
The shorter span of the one-way slab is provided with the primary reinforcement, while the longer span is provided with the distribution reinforcement.
Some prominent examples of one-way slabs are the cantilever slabs, chajjas, and verandahs.
2. Two Way Slab
In a two-way slab, the longer to the shorter span ratio is less than two. i.e.
( Longer Span/Shorter Span) <2
The load is carried in both directions in a two-way slab. So, the main bars are provided in both directions.
Two-way slabs are extensively used in multi-story and commercial buildings.
There are three common types of two-way slabs. They are:
|Type of Two-Way Slab||Applications||Span Capability||Rib/Waffle System||Weight||Modular Suitability|
|Two Way Solid Slab (with beams)||Versatile, Large-scale||Wide Range||None||Heavier||Less Suitable|
|Two-Way Waffle Slab (with beams)||Offices, Warehouses, Parking||Moderate Spans||Waffle System||Lighter||Suitable (Low-rise)|
|Two-Way Waffle Slab (with Integral Beams)||Modular Constructions||Larger Spans||Waffle System||Moderate||Suitable|
3. One Way Slab Vs Two Way Slab
The difference between a One-way slab and a Two-way slab is as follows:
|Characteristic||One-Way Slab||Two-Way Slab|
|Definition||The ratio of longer to shorter spans is more than two.||The ratio of longer to shorter spans is less than two.|
|Bending moment||Occurs in one direction only.||Occurs in two perpendicular directions.|
|L/B ratio||Greater than 2.||Less than 2.|
|Crank||Reinforcement cranked in one direction (perpendicular to supporting beams)||Reinforcement cranked in two directions (both longer and shorter spans)|
|Primary reinforcement||Provided primarily in one direction (perpendicular to supporting beams)||Provided in both directions.|
|Support||They are supported by a beam on two opposite sides only.||Beams on all four sides support them.|
|Load carrying||The load is carried in one direction perpendicular to the supporting beam.||The load is carried in both directions.|
|Economy||Economical up to a span of 3.6 meters.||Economical for panel sizes up to 6m x 6m.|
|Quantity of steel||Less.||More.|
|Applications||Culverts, bridges, etc.||Residential buildings, water tanks, etc.|
|Read Also: Two-Way Slab|
|Verified Article By Er. Madhu Krishna Poudel|
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