Difference Between Civil Engineering and Architecture

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Before knowing the difference between civil engineering and architecture;  we have to understand what exactly they are.


  1. Civil Engineering  

The engineering discipline which deals with the design, planning, construction, and maintenance of the physical and natural structures that includes public works such as roads, bridges, airports, canals, sewerage systems, pipelines, buildings, and railways is called civil engineering.

The graduation course of civil engineering includes an average of 48 subjects and 4 years of period.

Civil Engineering course mostly deals with mathematical and scientific calculations. So, it is quite a hard course.

Eligibility to study civil engineering

To choose this stream, you should secure a minimum of 50 % in Mathematics, English, Physics, and Chemistry at +2 or Intermediate level.

Diploma holders are also eligible to choose this stream.


Responsibilities of Civil Engineering

1. Test building materials

2. Consider government regulations and possible hazards

3. Perform surveying operations

4. Supervise maintenance of roads and structures

5. Design sewage treatment systems

6. Construct dams, tunnels, and bridges

7. Conduct risk analysis


  2. Architecture  

Architecture is the art or practice of designing and constructing buildings. Mostly, this field is responsible for dreaming and designing any structures.

It mainly deals with the physical appearance or aesthetic beauty of the structures.

The civil engineer is the possible maker of an architect’s dream.


Eligibility to study Architecture

To choose this stream, you should secure a minimum of 50 % in Mathematics, Physics, English, and Chemistry in +2 or Intermediate level or equivalent.


Responsibilities of Architecture

1. Organize structure specifications

2. To provide aesthetic beauty to the design

3. Draft drawings and plans

4. Inspect and testing building support systems

5. Design acoustic systems

6. Plan plumbing and electrical systems

7. Consider fire protection requirements


  3. Difference Between Civil Engineering and Architecture  

A person having a great imagination, visualization, and good at drawing is often confused between choosing Civil Engineering or Architecture.

Both the field seems to be similar but there are lots of differences.

Civil Engineering mainly deals with structural and construction-related works and calculations whereas architecture deal with dreaming, designing, and planning.

Both Civil Engineering and Architecture are best in their place.

In some fields, civil is at the top, and in some architecture.

We have analyzed 15 differences between civil engineering and architecture which are given below.



CategoryCivil EngineeringArchitecture
Global university average feeIntermediateHigh
 Graduation period 4 years5 years
Deals withMathematical & Scientific aspectsArtistic aspects
 Global Job Vacancy HighMedium
Availability of Diploma Course YesNo
Responsible forMaking Architect dreams possible by dealing with the strength and construction of the structure.Dreaming and designing structures.
Average SalaryHighIntermediate
Branches There are many branches to earn and learn.Very few branches as compared to civil engineering.
Study difficulty High Intermediate
Average Number of Subjects to study 56 subjects exams in 4 years 52 subjects  exams in 5 years
Number of semesters 810
Best Countries to study US, Australia, Newzealand, Singapore, GermanySpain, England, France, Italy, Germany, Russia
Countries with the lowest fee structure India, China, Bangladesh India, China, Pakistan, Nepal, Iraq
 Allowed forDesigning, planning, construction, structural analysis, and more.Designing and planning are allowed.

Not allowed for structural analysis.


  4. Conclusion  

Studying the field with a greater scope is not the key to success. Your interesting field is the main key. So, we prefer you to choose your interested field.

From the above differences, Civil Engineering is powerful than Architectural because there are thousands of ways to learn and earn in civil.

If your passion is Architecture then don’t jump to civil.  There is high scope of Architecture in top countries like the USA, the UK, etc.

If you are confused to choose either of the above then just go with Civil Engineering because you will be able to perform the work of both Civil and Architecture.

There are also many new sectors like Tunneling, Hydropower,  Mining, etc where civil engineer’s demand is very high.

The Civil Engineering program provides broad knowledge to the student than the architecture program. This also makes the civil engineering stream more powerful.

Although Civil Engineer can perform the work of Architecture; he/she can’t give the proper aesthetic beauty and finishing to the design as compared to Architect.

For high aesthetic designs, the architect plays a key role. So both of them are best at their own place.

We, again and again, refer you to choose the stream of your interest.


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