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In this article, we will discuss the arch culverts.
A culvert may be defined as a structure that permits water to flow through a roadway, train, or another vehicle from one point to another point.
It is made by connecting two side banks on the soil. The culverts may be completed either with a concrete pipe, steel tubing, or other flexible material. In many circumstances, this structure is essential for the safe passage of water along a path or stream.
1. Arch Culverts
The arch culvert is a precast or extended arch concrete structure commonly utilized as a part of the primary channel of the river for big spans and embankments.
The arch culverts may be made directly onto the banks or may be made in mounds, which give a firm and safe footing.
They are most usually utilized for low-clearance structures such as railway viaducts. The primary attraction of concrete arch culverts is their strength and ability to resist torrential downpours.
Although the construction cost may be expensive, at least they can be moved by crane.
2. Parts of Arch Culvert
Any pipe or other flexible material that you utilize for culverts has two endings- one straight, and the other sloped. The slope or inclination will decide the speed at which water would cross through the culvert. the parts of a culvert are as follows:
• Road embankment
• Culvert inlet
• Culvert pipe
• Culvert outlet
• Culvert Foundation
3. Advantages of Culverts
The advantages of culverts are as follows:
a. They are cheap.
b. It can support a greater weight load.
c. They provide adequate support to heavier vehicles.
d. It prevents erosion of road embankments.
e. It is used to divert water to the irrigation fields.
4. Disadvantages of Culverts
The disadvantages of culverts are as follows:
a. Installation of the culvert is complex.
b. It can limit aquatic organisms from freely shifting between upstream and downstream.
c. It can disturb the water flow.
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