Thursday, November 30, 2023

39 Units in Civil Engineering : Conversion of Units in Civil Engineering

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Different works are carried out in the civil engineering sectors. All different works have different units; some works’ units may be the same. Some of the units in civil engineering are:



  1. Units in Civil Engineering  

Sl. No.Particulars of itemsUnits of measurementUnit of payment
1Earthwork: Excavation, filling, cutting, banking100  m³
2Surface dressing
3Cutting of treesNumberPer number
4Stones: quarrying, blasting m³ m³
5Concrete: PCC, RCC, Precast m³ m³
6Jail works
7Damp proof course
8Brickwork of any description m³ m³
9Thin partition wall
10String course, drip course, watercourse coping, etcmm
11Stonework of any description m³ m³
12Stonework in wall facing (thickness specified)
13Woodwork: truss, rafter, beam, etc m³ m³
14Door, window shutters
15Door, window fittingsNumberPer number
16Timbering, boarding, sawing of timber, timbering of trenches, partition, etc
17SteelworkQuintalPer quintal
18Expanded metal, fabric reinforcement, cutting angles, plates, teescm²cm²
19Threading; welding; solder of sheetscmPer cm
20Iron gate, grill collapsible gate, rolling shutter
21Iron railingmm
22Roofing: tiled, corrugated iron, caves board (thickness specified)
23Centering, shuttering
24Ridges; valleys; gutters (girth given)mm
25Expansion and contraction jointsmm
26Ceiling timber, A.C. sheet, board, etc
27Plastering; pointing; whitewashing; distempering; painting; varnishing; polishing; coal tarring; removing of paints
28Flooring of any kind
29Pipes, laying of pipesmm
30Dismantling of brick masonry m³ m³
32Grouting of cracks, jointsmm
33Supply of sand; brick ballast; aggregates; timber m³ m³
34Supply of cementBagPer bag
35Supply of steel, G.I. sheet, bare electric lineQuintalPer quintal
36Supply of GI sheet
37Supply of sanitary itemsNumberPer number
38Supply of paint, varnishesLitrePer litre
39Supply of explosives, stiff paintKgPer kg



  2. Basic Standards  

The basic standards units are as follows:

1 inch = 25.4 millimeters = 2.54cm.

1 meter = 39.37 inches =1.09 yards.

1 liter = 0.22 galls (imp.)

1 gallon (imp.) = 4.546 liters.

1 gallon (US) = 3.785 liters.

1 Kilogram (kg) = 2.2046 pounds (lb).



  3. Metric Unit of Weight/Mass  

The metric unit of weight/mass is as follows:

1 tonne = 1000 kilograms = 1,000,000 grams.

1 quintal = 100 kilograms = 100,000 grams.

1 Slug = 14.606 kg

1 Slug = 32.2 lb




  4. Measurement of Length  

These are the majorly used units in civil engineering. The measurement of length is done in the following ways:

1 foot = 12 inches.

1 yard = 3 feet.

1 furlong = 220 yards.

1 mile = 8 fulongs.

1 Kilometer (Km) = 1000 meters.

1 meter (m) = 100 centimeters (cm).

1 cm = 10 millimeter (mm).


units in civil engineering



  5. Metric Units For Liquid Measurements  

The metric units for liquid measurements are as follows:

1 liter = 1000ml.

1 liter = 1kg.

1 kiloliter (1000 liters) = 1 cubic meter/ 1 cu.m/ 1 m³.


  6. Conversion Factors  

The conversion factors are as follows:

1 cu. ft. = 28.317 liters.

1 cu. ft. = 0.028 cu. meters.

1 cu. ft. = 6.24 galls (imperial).

1 cu. ft. = 7.48 galls (US).

1 imp. gall = 1.20 galls (US), liquid.

1 imp. gall = 1.03 galls (US), dry.



  7. Measurement of Area  

The measurement of the area is as follows:

1 Acre = 43560 sq. ft

1 Acre = 4046.46 sq. m

1 Acre = 8 Kanals.

1 Kanal = 20 Marlas.

1 Marla = 225 sq. ft (* in some regions 272 sq. ft)

1 Marla = 15.50 sq.m


39 Units in Civil Engineering : Conversion of Units in Civil Engineering


Hope you got the idea of units in civil engineering.



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Er. Madhu Krishna Poudel ( Founder )
Er. Madhu Krishna Poudel ( Founder )
Madhu Krishana Poudel is a distinguished Civil Engineer with extensive experience in site supervision, estimation, and AutoCAD 2D and 3D design. Holding a Bachelor's degree in Civil Engineering from Pokhara University, his work and expertise have earned recognition in reputable sources such as USA Today, Time, Wikipedia, and TheRichest, establishing his credibility and trustworthiness in the construction industry.
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