Palm Jumeirah: 17 Construction Details, History, Geographical Features, Challenges, and More

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1. What is Palm Jumeirah?

Palm Jumeirah

 ✔ The Palm Jumeirah is an artificial island in the Jumeirah coastal, Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates.

This island is created from reclaimed land.

It was visualized in the 1990s as a luxury residential, commercial, and tourist destination.

It took around six years to build this project.

The shape was first chosen to be a shell, then as (an eagle or falcon) and later finalized in the personal preference of Sheikh Mohammad as a Palm Tree. Engineers used satellites to plot the shape.

The 2 KM-long trunk contains 558 deluxe apartments, townhouses, and a penthouse.

It can be seen through the space very clearly.

About 12,000 palm trees were planted on this island, first grown in nurseries.

The main aim of constructing the project is to act as an insurance policy against the exhaustion of UAE’s extensive oil reserves in the future.

The project’s foundation was constructed from 7 million tons of rock blasted from the Hajar mountains instead of the concrete slab.

Twelve million cubic meters of sand and other stuff were dredged from the sea to form the island. The materials were compacted using Vibro-compaction technology.

It has 17 branches and a central trunk covered by a crescent-shaped 11 km breakwater. It is approximately five by 5 kilometers in dimension and has an area of roughly 800 football fields.

In 2009, The New York Times published that NASA’s laser altimeter satellite had studied the Palm as sinking at 5 mm (0.20 in) per year.



2. Construction Detail of Palm Jumeirah:

Palm Jumeirah

 Project NameThe Palm Jumeirah
 LocationJumeirah coastal area, Dubai, UAE
 Area 2,209 sq. miles
 Construction Start Date August 2001
 Construction Final DateDecember 2008

Note: the actual opening date was on April 30, 2009.

 Shape  Palm tree surrounded in a circle
 Shape choice  Prince Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum
 Developer Nakheel (a real state company currently owned by the Dubai government)
 Master plan by Helman Hurley, Charvat, Peacock( American architectural firm)
Number of people living10000 +
Foundation made fromRocks and Sand
Breakwater – Crescent Construction CompanyArchirodon Overseas
Total Cost of Construction $12 billion
Investment Dubai’s sustainable income from petroleum.
Number of trunks in palm shape1
Number of branches of palm shape17
 Amount of foundation rocks and sand used Seven million tons of rocks and 12 million cubic meters of sand.



3. History of Palm Jumeirah  

Palm Jumeirah

Construction MilestoneDate
Construction CommencementAugust 2001
Construction CompletionDecember 2008
Announcement of First Handovers2006
Official Opening DateApril 30, 2009
Number of Residential Units Ready75% of properties
Families Residing on the Island500 families
Hotels Opened on the CrescentEnd of 20


4. Development of Palm Jumeirah:

Palm Jumeirah

Development StageDescription
1. Concept and VisionConceived by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum in the early 2000s.

Vision: Create an artificial island resembling a palm tree extending into the Persian Gulf.

2. Planning and DesignThe precise planning and design work initiated to convert the vision into a feasible project.

Involvement of architects and engineers in designing the island’s infrastructure, including the iconic palm tree shape, fronds, and crescent.

3. Land ReclamationThe first phase of Development involved extensive land reclamation from the sea.

Millions of cubic meters of sand and rock were used to create the foundation for the island.

4. Breakwater ConstructionA protective breakwater was constructed around the outer edge of the Palm to shield it from wave action and erosion.
5. Infrastructure DevelopmentDevelopment of roads, bridges, and utility networks, including water, electricity, and telecommunications, to support the growing island population.
6. Residential and Commercial ZonesPalm Jumeirah was divided into residential communities on the fronds and a crescent featuring luxury hotels and resorts.

Various residential options, including villas, apartments, and penthouses, were developed to accommodate residents.

7. Land Sales and Development ProjectsVarious real estate developers purchased land on the island to construct residential and commercial projects.

Iconic developments like Atlantis The Palm and The Palm Tower were completed, adding to the island’s allure.

8. Tourism and AttractionsPalm Jumeirah became a prominent tourist destination with attractions like Atlantis The Palm Resort, Aquaventure Waterpark, and The Pointe waterfront dining and entertainment complex.
9. Environmental ConsiderationsEfforts were made to ensure environmental sustainability, including extensive landscaping and the creation of green spaces.

The crescent area serves as a habitat for marine life, contributing to the island’s ecological balance.

10. Ongoing DevelopmentPalm Jumeirah continues to evolve with ongoing development projects, such as new hotels, restaurants, and residential communities, keeping the island vibrant and appealing.
11. Iconic LandmarkPalm Jumeirah has achieved global recognition as an iconic landmark, attracting worldwide residents, tourists, and celebrities.

Its distinctive palm tree shape and luxurious offerings have made it a symbol of Dubai’s ambition.


5. Geographical Features:

Palm Jumeirah

Geographical FeatureDescription
Palm-shaped DesignResembles a palm tree with a trunk, fronds, and a crescent-shaped island at the top.
Reclaimed LandIt was created through extensive land reclamation by dredging sand from the seabed to form new land.
Man-made IslandIt is recognized as the largest artificial island globally, a testament to Dubai’s engineering innovation.
BreakwaterThe crescent-shaped island at the top is a protective breakwater, shielding the island from the open sea.
Artificial ChannelsA network of artificial channels for transportation and irrigation crisscrosses it.
BeachesBoasts 11.1 kilometers (6.9 miles) of coastline lined with beautiful, artificial beaches for residents and visitors.

6. Challenges arise during the Construction of the Palm Jumeirah:

I. Overtopping and stability for designing

The breakwater was constructed from rock and sand, but mostly rock. The sand layer of the bottom breakwater crescent is 7.4m thick.

The main challenge was to dump the sand layer, so it was decided to leave the sand when the sea was calm to ensure stability.

The natural protection for breakwater comes from the outer armor, made from the huge rock boulders that weigh about 6 tons.

The boulders were connected by interlocking without using concrete.



II. Availability of construction material

There is no use of concrete and metal for its Construction because the prince wanted it to be constructed from natural materials.

Although UAE is a desert area with lots of availability of sand, the sand was of no use because the sand in the desert was beautiful to provide stability. That’s the reason why dredging sand was collected from the Persians.



III. Design as the land reclamation

Land reclamation was constructed from the dredging sand collected from the Persian and Arabian Gulf floors.

The sea surface was then sprayed with sand and compacted with a Vibro compactor into the shape to ensure the precision of the body. It was directed using GPS technology.



IV. Struggle to keep the seawater flowing between the palm-shape

This problem was solved by cutting the 328-foot opening in the outer circle of the structure to provide the flow that the inner area needs for the circulation of the water and fresh beaches.



7. Residential and Commercial Areas:

Palm Jumeirah

Residential AreasDescription
The TrunkThe central part of Palm Jumeirah features a mix of residential properties like apartments, villas, and townhouses.
The FrondsThe 17 palm-shaped branches extend from the Trunk, each with its unique mix of residential properties like apartments, villas, and townhouses.
The CrescentA protective 11.1-kilometer (6.9-mile) long breakwater home to luxury hotels and resorts and a limited number of residential properties.
Commercial AreasDescription
Nakheel MallA large shopping mall on the Trunk housing various multinational and local brands, restaurants, and cafes.
The PointeA waterfront retail and dining destination on the Palm Jumeirah Crescent featuring a wide range of global and local restaurants, cafes, and shops.
Palm Jumeirah BoardwalkA 1.5-kilometer (0.93-mile) long waterfront walkway along the Palm Jumeirah Crescent, popular for jogging, walking, and cycling, granting scenic views of the sea and skyline.



8. Architectural and Engineering Aspects:

1. Land ReclamationReclaimed land from the seabed by dredging millions of cubic meters of sand.

They carefully placed sand to create the palm tree shape, fronds, and crescent.

2. Breakwater DesignThe crescent-shaped outer ring is a protective breakwater, safeguarding the island from the open sea.

Critical for island stability and erosion protection.

3. Palm Tree ShapeMeticulous planning and design for the palm tree shape, including the Trunk, fronds, and central crescent.

The Trunk serves as a transportation corridor.

4. Infrastructure DevelopmentExtensive infrastructure development to support population and tourism, including roads, bridges, utilities, and connections to the mainland.
5. Residential and Commercial BuildingsConstruction of various residential and commercial buildings featuring innovative architectural designs and engineering solutions.
6. Luxury Hotels and ResortsAdvanced engineering for luxury hotels and resorts on the crescent, including underwater foundations and extensive landscaping.
7. Canal NetworkIntricate artificial canal network for transportation and irrigation, requiring precision engineering for creation and maintenance.
8. Environmental ConsiderationsImplementing engineering solutions to ensure environmental sustainability, including landscaping, green spaces, and promoting marine life.
9. Ongoing DevelopmentOngoing development projects like Nakheel Mall and The Pointe continue to push the boundaries of architectural and engineering innovation.
10. Iconic LandmarkPalm Jumeirah’s Design and Construction have made it an iconic global landmark symbol.



9. Environmental Sustainability:

Sustainability InitiativesDescription
1. Landscaping and Green SpacesExtensive landscaping and creation of lush gardens, parks, and green areas to grow aesthetics and supply natural habitats.
2. Marine Life PromotionDesign of underwater breakwaters and structures in the crescent area to encourage coral development and attract various marine species.
3. Sustainable Building PracticesIncorporation of sustainable building practices in newer developments using energy-efficient materials and technologies.
4. Water ConservationImplementation of water-efficient systems, like low-flow fixtures and appliances, to decrease water consumption.
5. Energy EfficiencyAdopting sustainable practices like efficient HVAC systems, high-performance insulation, and low-emissivity glass.
6. Waste ManagementEstablish waste management programs for waste reduction, recycling, and proper disposal.
7. Transportation AlternativesPromote alternative transportation options, including walking and cycling, to decrease reliance on private vehicles and reduce carbon emissions.
8. Green Building CertificationsSome properties on the island have got a green building certification.
9. Environmental RegulationsDubai authorities have implemented environmental regulations and guidelines.
10. Ongoing Sustainability InitiativesImplement sustainability initiatives to enhance Palm Jumeirah’s environmental performance and diminish its ecological footprint.



10. Transportation and Accessibility:

Road TransportationDescription
Palm Jumeirah MonorailA driverless monorail connecting the Trunk of Palm Jumeirah to the mainland.

10 stations along the route.

Approximately 10 minutes travel time.

Palm Jumeirah Road BridgeA six-lane bridge linking the Trunk of Palm Jumeirah to the mainland.

Approximately 3.5 kilometers (2.2 miles) long.

Approximately 5 minutes to cross.

Public TransportationDescription
Dubai MetroA rapid transit system serving Dubai.

Two lines: Red Line and Green Line.

Red Line connects the mainland to Palm Jumeirah via the Monorail station.

Private TransportationDescription
TaxiTaxis are available on Palm Jumeirah for convenient island and mainland travel.
Car RentalCar rental services offered by various companies in Palm Jumeirah for independent exploration.
Accessible FeaturesPalm Jumeirah is generally accessible to people with disabilities.

Monorail, hotels, and resorts are equipped with ramps and elevators.

ChallengesSome areas, such as beaches, may pose challenges for people with disabilities regarding accessibility.


Read More: Suez Canal
Verified By:  Er. Bipana Kshetri Puri 


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