14 Common Foundation Problems in Construction with 4 Solutions

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This is the article where the Common Foundation Problems in Construction with some solutions are explained in detail.

Read More:  How to Get a Construction Loan: 10+ Steps. 

 


1. What is the meaning of a foundation problem? 

 A foundation problem is a structural issue that affects the foundation of a building.

 It is the base of a building that supports and provides strength to its weight and transfers it to the ground.

 It can cause problems, such as sloping floors, cracks in walls and floors, sticking doors and windows, and water leaks.

 


 

2. What are the common foundation problems in construction? 

 They are:

a. Cracking 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 Cracks in the foundation can be caused by various factors, such as erosion, settling, and water damage.

 Small cracks usually do not cause considerable concern, but larger cracks indicate a more severe problem.

 The horizontal crack suggests an excessive lateral pressure, but vertical cracks might be due to settlement.

 


 

 b. Swelling or shrinking of the soil 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 In some cases, the soil under a foundation may expand and contract because of changes in moisture content.

 This makes the foundation move, causing cracks, bowing, or other damage.

 


 

 c. Water damage 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 Water can trickle into the foundation through cracks and damaged areas. This leads the foundation to weaken and rot, causing mold growth.

 In some cases, the poor drainage around the foundation may cause water to pool around the structure’s base, which causes erosion, weakening the foundation over time.

 


 

 d. Settling 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 In passing time, the soil under a foundation may settle and cause the foundation to sink, which generates earth cracks, uneven floors, and other problems.

 


 

 e. Upheaval 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 Upheaval is the opposite of settling which occurs if the soil under a foundation expands and pushes the foundation upwards.

 It generates cracking, bowing, instability, and other damage.

 


 

 f. Lateral movement 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 The movement of the soil sideways because of earthquakes, flooding, or other forces may cause the foundation to tilt or crack.

 


 

 g. Uneven Floors 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 It is one of the most severe concerns of foundation problems where the floors get sloping or uneven due to foundation issues.

 It creates problems with windows and doors not functioning correctly.

 


 

 h. Bowing or Leaning Walls 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 The foundation problem indicates the lateral pressure from the soil around the foundation because of poor drainage, expansive soils, or other factors.

 


 

 i. Improper Compaction 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 In this case, the soil beneath the foundation is compacted improperly during construction, leading to later structural and settlement problems.

 


 

 j. Inadequate Footings 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 Footings are the foundation’s base that distributes the building’s weight.

 It can lead to severe uneven settlement and instability problems.

 


 

 k. Poor Construction Materials 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 The use and application of substandard or qualityless materials in foundation construction, it can cause to weakening of the foundation and early deterioration.

 


 

 l. Tree Roots 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 If the Large trees near a foundation can extend their roots underneath, it causes soil disturbance and potential foundation movement.

 


 

 m. Faulty Drainage 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 The poorly designed and malfunctioning drainage systems generate an accumulation of water around the foundation and cause instability.

 


 

 n. Lack of Maintenance 

Common Foundation Problems in Construction

 In passing time, even well-constructed foundations can generate severe issues if they cannot be maintained correctly.

 Regular inspections and maintenance are necessary for proper care of all those things.

 


 

3. What are the solutions to solve a foundation problem in construction? 

 The best way ( solution ) to a foundation problem will depend on the issues, specific cause, and the damage’s severity.

 A professional foundation repair contractor may help you check out the problem better and advocate the best action.

Some solutions to solve foundation problems are:

 

 a. Crack Repair 

 Some small cracks can be repaired with glue and concrete patch, but Larger cracks may require extra invasive repairs like underpinning or piercing.

 


 

 b. Waterproofing 

 A perfectly waterproofed foundation can help you to prevent water damage.

 Various waterproofing methods, including coatings, sheeting, and membranes, are available.

 


 

 c. Slabjacking 

 Slabjacking injects concrete and grout under a submerged foundation to uplift it back into place.

 


 

 d. Piercing 

 Piering is installing piers under a foundation to provide some extra support to the foundation.

 Various piercing methods are available, such as concrete, helical, and steel piers.

 

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