Table of Contents
Blueprints are a group of symbols. Blueprint symbols are utilized to denote objects, functions, or systems in the plan of engineering drawing.
Blueprint symbols are utilized in architectural drawings, structural drawings, electrical drawings, etc.
1. Floor Plan Symbols
In-floor plans we see various types of symbols, it contains furniture, windows, doors, etc. Some major symbols of floor plans are a compass, doors, stairs, windows, walls, and applications.
It is an arrow symbol that provides an orientation to the building by which the architect or builder can know the north direction. By this symbol, we can easily know the east, west, north, and south directions.
The door symbol is provided by the straight line and the arc represents the opening projection of the door.
It is prepared by parallel lines and is placed between two windows.
The symbol of a window is drawn by three lines.
Walls are of two types; interior walls and exterior walls. Both walls are prepared by two parallel lines but exterior wall lines are dark and thick and interior wall lines are light.
These are the other symbols in the floor plan such as the bathtub, toilet, sinks, other furniture, etc. All appliance symbols are prepared by single lines.
Some floor plan abbreviations:
|EF- Exhaust Fan||Exhaust Fan|
2. HVAC Symbols on Blueprints
3. Plumbing And Piping Blueprint Symbols
Piping and Connection Blueprint Symbols
In the plumbing system, all fixtures and valves are drawn as many symbols that are below-
|c||Major Straight line|
|d||Straight Line Pipe|
|f||Side by Side|
|h||Soil and Waste, Above Grade, Soil and Waste,|
|m||Hot Water Return|
|2.0||Pipe Fittings Blueprint||Symbols|
|g||Side Outlet Elbow– Outlet Down.|
|h||Side Outlet Elbow– Outlet Up|
|j||Double Branch Elbow|
|k||Single Sweep Tee|
|l||Double Sweep Tee|
|n||Reducing Elbow Down|
|q||Side Outlet Tee– Outlet Up|
|r||Side Outlet Tee– Outlet Down|
|3.0||Plumbing Valve Blueprint||Symbols|
|c||Angle Globe Valve|
|d||Angle Gate Valve|
|f||Angle Check Valve|
|k||Motor-Operated Gate Valve|
|4.0||Plumbing Fixture Blueprint||Symbols|
|g||Overhead Gang Shower|
|m||Standard Kitchen Sink|
|n||Kitchen Sink, R & L Drain Board|
|o||Kitchen Sink, L H Drain Board|
|p||Combination Sink & Dishwasher|
|q||Combination Sink & Laundry Tray|
|s||Wash Sink (Wall-Type)|
|u||Laundry Tray (Single)|
|v||Laundry Tray (Double)|
|w||Water Closet (Tank-Type)|
|x||Water Closet (Integral Tank)|
|y||Water Closet (FlushValve, Floor Outlet)|
|z||Water Closet (FlushValve, Wall-Hung)|
|D||Drinking Fountain (Recessed)|
|E||Drinking Fountain (Semi-Recessed)|
|F||Drinking Fountain (Projecting-Type)|
|G||Hot Water Tank|
|S||Floor Drain with Backwater Valve|
4. Architectural Floor Plan Symbols
Architectural floor plan symbols contain various types of symbols and they are normally bigger in size. Architectural symbols are majorly divided into four parts, that are- service symbols, lighting symbols, electrical symbols, and plan-elevation-section symbols.
a. Service Blueprint Symbols
Service symbols are the mechanism symbols which are soil pipes, ventilation, etc.
|2||Soil Vent Pipe|
|4||Rainwater Hopper Outlet|
|5||Mechanical Fan Vent|
|7||Direction of Drainage|
|8||Surface Water Drainage|
|9||Insulated Rain Water Pipe|
|10||Insulated Soil Vent Pipe|
|11||Soil Vent Pipe At Through Roof|
|12||Air Admittance Valve|
|13||Incoming Hot Water|
|14||Incoming Cool Water|
|15||Foul Water Run Above Ground|
b. Lighting Blueprint Symbols
Here, all types of light symbols are discussed, and there are various types which are as follows:
|1||Recessed Spot Light|
|2||Adjustable Recessed Spot- IP Rated|
|3||Recessed Spot Light- IP Rated|
|4||Recessed Floor Light|
|6||Outdoor Plan Light|
|9||Sensor Operated Wall Light|
|10||Surface Mounted Spot Light IP Rated|
|11||Recessed Stair Light|
|12||External Wall Mounted Light|
|13||LED Strip Light|
|14||Fluorescent Strip Light|
|15||Stick on Strip Light|
|16||Single Gang One-Way Light Switch|
|17||Double Gang One-Way Light Switch|
|18||Triple Gang One-Way Light Switch|
|19||Single Gang Two-Way Light Switch|
|20||Double Gang Two-Way Light Switch|
|21||Triple Gang Two-Way Light Switch|
|22||Dimmer Light Switch|
|23||2-Way Dimmer Switch|
|24||3-Way Dimmer Switch|
c. Electrical Blueprint Symbols
Electrical blueprint symbols are very essential symbols in engineering drawing. Electrical symbols are contained to neglect the excess delay of an electric circuit. Electrical blueprint symbols are utilized in engineering drawing to know effortlessly by workers and drafters.
Electrical blueprint symbols are below:
|1||Single Power Socket|
|2||Double Power Socket|
|4||Unswitched Fused Spur|
|5||External Power Socket|
|7||Cat 6 Data Point|
|9||Fire Alarm Panel|
|12||TV Aerial Point|
|20||Carbon Monoxide Detector|
|22||Underfloor Heating Control|
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