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In this article, we will discuss active volcanoes in the world.
The fact that Earth has volcanoes tells us that Earth’s inner is circulating and is hot (sufficient to melt).
Earth is releasing heat; volcanos are one option to release heat. The pattern of issuing of volcanos on Earth provides us with the idea that Earth’s outer surface is split into plates; the chains of volcanos related to mid-ocean ridges and subduction zones denote the plate edges.
Other planets have volcanic features some recently active telling geologists that they, too, are losing heat from their interiors and that there is circulation. However, these planets do not display the pattern that Earth’s volcanos do.
A. Top 10 Active Volcanoes In The World
Active volcanoes contain a recent past of explosions and they are the potential to explode again. Here is the list of 10 active volcanoes in the world:
10. Pacaya, Guatemala
Pacaya is an active complex volcano in Guatemala, which initially exploded about 23,000 years ago and has exploded a minimum of 23 times since the Spanish win over Guatemala. A peak of 2,552 meters (8,373 ft).
After being passive for more than 70 years, it was again found to be exploding energetically in 1961 and has been still exploding constantly since then. Much of its activity is Strombolian, but rare Plinian explosions also happen, sometimes pouring the area of the nearby locations with ash.
It is situated 30 kilometers (19 miles) southwest of Guatemala City and near Antigua.
Last eruption: February 14, 2021 – ongoing
9. Mt. Stromboli, Italy
Stromboli is an island located in the Tyrrhenian Sea, off the north coast of Sicily, having Mount Stromboli, one of the three engaged volcanoes in Italy. It is the eight Aeolian Islands, a volcanic arc north of Sicily.
The island’s area is about12.6 square kilometers (4.9 sq mi), on the upper third of the volcano that is above sea level and making an island. Its population was around 500 as of 2016.
The volcano has blasted numerous times and is constantly engaged with small eruptions, visible from various points on the island and from the neighboring sea, giving rise to the island’s name “Lighthouse of the Mediterranean”.
8. Sakurajima, Japan
Sakurajima is an engaged stratovolcano, formerly an island and now a peninsula, in Kagoshima Prefecture in Kyushu, Japan. The lava pours of the 1914 eruption collab it with the Ōsumi Peninsula. It is the most energetic volcano in Japan.
As of April 2021, the volcanic movement still resumes, lowering volcanic ash on the surroundings. Before explosions made the white sand highlands in the area.
On September 13, 2016, a team of specialists from Bristol University and the Sakurajima Volcano Research Centre in Japan presented that the volcano could contain a significant explosion within 30 years; since then two explosions have happened.
Sakurajima is a stratovolcano. Its summit has three cliffs, Kita-dake (northern peak), Naka-dake (central peak), and Minami-dake (southern peak) which is active currently. Kita-dake is Sakurajima’s most elevated peak, increasing to 1,117 m (3,665 ft) above sea level.
The peak is in an area of Kagoshima Bay known as Kinkō-wan. The former island is a region of the city of Kagoshima. The surface of this volcanic peninsula is about 77 km2 (30 sq mi).
Last eruption: 1955 to 2022 (Ongoing)
7. Kilauea, Hawaii
Kilauea is an active shield volcano located in the Hawaiian Islands. Along the southeastern beach of the Big Island of Hawaiʻi, the volcano is around 210,000 and 280,000 years old and appeared above sea level about 100,000 years ago. It is the most active of the five volcanoes that together form Hawaii island and also on Earth.
The latest and presently continuing explosion started on September 29, 2021, when many vents started to discharge lava within Halemaʻumaʻu, a pit crater in the volcano’s summit caldera.
6. Mt. Cleveland, Alaska
Mount Cleveland also named Cleveland Volcano is a closely symmetrical stratovolcano on the western edge of Chuginadak Island, which is the portion of the Islands of Four Mountains just west of Umnak Island in the Fox Islands of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska.
Mt. Cleveland is 1,730 m (5,675 ft) in height and most active of the 75 or more volcanoes in the larger Aleutian Arc. Aleutian natives called the island after their fire goddess, Chuginadak, who they considered occupied the volcano.
Last eruption: May 17, 2017
5. Mt. Erebus, Antarctica
It is the second-highest volcano located in Antarctica, the most elevated energetic volcano in Antarctica, and the southernmost engaged volcano on Earth. It is the sixth-tallest ultra mountain on the continent.
With a peak height of 3,794 meters (12,448 ft), it is located in the Ross Dependency on Ross Island, which is also an area of three inactive volcanoes: Mount Terror, Mount Bird, and Mount Terra Nova.
The volcano has been engaged since about 1.3 million years ago and has a long-lived lava lake in its inner summit crater that has been attending since a minimum the early 1970s.
4. Volcán de Colima, Mexico
3. Mt. Yasur, Vanuatu
Mount Yasur is a volcano on Tanna Island, Vanuatu, 1,184 ft (361 m) height above sea level, on the coast near Sulphur Bay, northeast of the more elevated Mount Tukosmera, which was engaged in the Pleistocene.
It has a mostly unvegetated pyroclastic cone with a nearly circular summit crater 200 m in radius. It is a stratovolcano, formed by the eastward-moving Indo-Australian Plate being subducted under the westward-moving Pacific Plate. It has been discharging closely constantly for many hundred years, although it can be approached safely.
Its explosions, which usually happen many times an hour, are divided as Strombolian or Vulcanian. A big lava plain creeps across the valley at the base.
Last eruption 1774 (possibly earlier) to 2022 (ongoing)
2. Mt. Merapi, Indonesia
It is an engaged stratovolcano on the border between the province of Central Java and the Special area of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. It is the most energetic volcano in Indonesia and has exploded constantly since 1548. It is roughly 28 km (17 mi) north of Yogyakarta city which has a population of 2.4 million, and thousands of people live on the flanks of the volcano, with villages as high as 1,700 m (5,577 ft) above sea level.
1. Erta Ale, Ethiopia
Erta Ale is a constantly engaged basaltic shield volcano in the Afar area of northeastern Ethiopia. It is located in the Afar Depression, a barren desert area. Erta Ale is the most energetic volcano in Ethiopia.
|Read Also: Dangerous Volcanic Eruptions in History
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