9 Types of Buildings in Civil Engineering

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The building indicates anything that is built with a wall and roof. 

✔ The term building in civil engineering means a structure having various components like foundations, walls, columns, floors, roofs, doors, windows, ventilators, stairs, lifts, multiple types of surface finishes, etc.

✔ Typically, all buildings are constructed according to drawings and specifications prepared by architects.



  9 Types of Buildings  

Depending upon the character of occupancy or the type of use, different types of buildings have been classified into the following groups:



  1. Residential Building  

These buildings provide sleeping accommodations for regular residential purposes, with or without cooking, dining, or both facilities.

9 Types of Buildings in Civil Engineering

Examples: Appartement houses, hotels, dormitories, lodging or rooming homes, dwellings, etc. 



  2. Educational Building  

These include any building used for school, college, or daycare for more than 8 hours per week involving assembly for instruction, education, or recreation.

9 Types of Buildings in Civil Engineering

Examples: Schools, Colleges, etc



  3. Institutional Building  

These include any buildings or parts used for medical or other treatment or care of persons suffering from physical or mental illness, diseases or infirmity, aged persons, etc.

nursing home

Examples: Nursing homes, jails, mental hospitals, etc



  4. Assembly Building  

These include buildings where a group gathers for amusement, recreation, religion, social, travel, and other purposes.


Examples: Exhibition halls, museums, skating rings, restaurants, gymnasiums, etc



  5. Business Building  

Any building or part of a building that is used for business transactions, keeping accounts and records, and similar purposes.

world bank

Examples: Banks, offices, shops, stores, markets, etc



  6. Mercantile Building  

These shall include any building or part of a building used as shops, stores, or markets to display and sell wholesale or retail merchandise.


Examples: Shops, stores, markets, etc



  7. Industrial Building  

Any building or part of a building in which products or materials of all kinds and properties are fabricated, assembled, or processed.


Examples: Plants, smokehouses, gas plants, refineries, sawmills, etc



  8. Storage Building  

Any building or part primarily used for storing or sheltering goods, wares, or merchandise, like a warehouse, cold storage, grain elevators, barns, and stables.

cold storage

Examples: Warehouse, cold storage, etc



  9. Hazardous Building  

These buildings are used for storing, handling, manufacturing, or processing highly combustible explosive materials or products that are liable to burn or produce radiation.

hazardous building

Examples: Nuclear power stations, oil refining buildings, etc




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