# Sway Frame | Non-Sway Frame | Difference Between Sway & Non-Sway Frame

### 1. What is Frame?

The frame or framed structure is composed of several rods or bars jointed together in a particular fashion/design; these bars are called the members. A member under compression is known as a Strut and under tension is known as a Tie.

Some assumptions for the perfect frame are:

a. All members are pin jointed.

b. The frames are jointed at the joints only.

c. Member’s self-weight is neglected.

### 2. Sway Frame

The frame in which longitudinal deflection takes place when the horizontal load is applied is known as a sway frame.

Eccentric loading, unsymmetrical EI, unequal vertical members, and unsymmetrical supports are the reason behind the swaying of frames.

When the loading is not done at the center; sway takes place (i.e. the structure sway towards the less load side).

It is a type of an unbraced frame.

### 3. Non – Sway Frame

The frame in which longitudinal deflection is restrained by supports when the horizontal load is applied is known as a non-sway frame.

To be non-sway; the frame should satisfy the following conditions when cut from the center into 2 pieces;

b. Given EI should be symmetrical.

c. Vertical length of members should be equal.

d. There should be symmetrical supports.

If the frame doesn’t satisfy all these 4 conditions then the frame is said to be sway.

It is a type of a braced frame.

### 4. Difference Between Sway and Non-Sway Frames

 S.N. Sway Non-Sway 1. They lack adequate stiffness against horizontal loads/forces. They have sufficient stiffness to tackle with horizontal forces. 2. Loading is generally asymmetrical. But in some cases; it may be symmetrical. Loading is symmetrical. 3. Change of position of joints takes place due to lateral deflection. Change of position of joints does not take place. 4. The second-order analysis is done. The first-order analysis is done. 5. They may or may not have symmetrical EI, vertical lengths, or supports. They compulsorily should have symmetrical EI, vertical lengths, or supports. 6. They are less stable. They are more stable. 7. It is a type of an unbraced frame. It is a type of a braced frame.

### 5. Conclusion

In practical life; a non-sway frame is widely used over the sway because of the stability of the non-sway frame.

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