An earthquake is a sudden event of movement of the surface of the earth or ground resulting from the passage of seismic waves through the tectonic plates and rocks of Earth. It is unpredictable and can occur any day of the year, any second of time, causing a lot of negative impacts and sufferings. The world has witnessed many devastating quakes that caused significant destruction and losses. Every year thousands of people either die or suffer a serious injury during an earthquake. Some of the places to hide during an earthquake are explained below.
In many cases, various casualties occur due to the lack of knowledge regarding the things must be considered during the event of an earthquake. For example, many people still today believe that running outside the building during the shake is safer; they are unaware of the fact that doing so poses more risk of getting trapped by falling counterparts. Hence, adequate guidelines regarding safer practices during an earthquake must be drafted and duly delivered to the people.
Places To Hide During Earthquake
Some of the places that are comparatively safer to hide during an earthquake can be summarized as follows:
i. Tables and Study Desks
In general, the safety guidelines for earthquake claim that practising “Drop, Cover and Hold” is very efficient to prevent casualties and losses. The safest place where this can be practised is hiding under a sturdy desk or table during an earthquake. Taking shelter under a table or desk during an earthquake can protect a person from the falling counterparts of the structure and falling debris. Tables and study desks act as a protective cover. However, there always exists a risk of the table being broken but it can still reduce the impact of the falling debris.
ii. Room Without Windows
During an earthquake, there is an increased risk of injury from the falling of broken glasses and windows. Thus, as long as the shaking persists, it is safer to hide inside a room that does not have any windows. Generally, such rooms comprise the middle rooms or hall of the house. It is better to store emergency first aid kits in such rooms that can be easily accessible at the time of emergency.
iii. Bed or Closet
If a person is on the bed when an earthquake strikes, then he/she must stay on the bed. The person must grab a pillow and cover his/her head and neck region to prevent injury from the falling debris. It is also necessary to ensure that the closet is free from any hazardous material that may pose risk during the shaking of the house during an earthquake.
iv. Door frame (as a shelter during the earthquake)
The door frame is not the safest place to be at during the occurrence of an earthquake. But, it can be used as a shelter during the shaking when no other alternative seems feasible. It must be ensured that door frames have been constructed with adequate strength that can withstand the load of the falling debris.
v. Outside Open Spaces
If a person happens to be outside the buildings during an earthquake then he/she must immediately run to open space. He/she must watch out for power lines, boundary walls and falling trees. The open space must be such that there is no possibility of getting injured by falling debris.