Monday, September 25, 2023

How To Calculate Cement Sand for Plastering

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In this article, we will discuss how to calculate cement sand for plastering.


  1. Introduction  

Plastering is the process of covering the rough surfaces of walls, columns, ceilings, and other building components with a thin coat of plaster to make the surface smooth and durable. 

Plastering on the externally exposed surface is called rendering.

How To Calculate Cement Sand for Plastering



  2. Ratio For Plastering  

For cement mortar ratio for wall, plastering is 1:6

For cement mortar ratio for ceiling, plastering is 1:4

The plastering shouldn’t be more than 12-15mm. Use good quality cement and sand for plastering.


  3. How To Calculate Cement Sand for Plastering?  

Let us take an area of 100 sqm.

The plastering thickness is about 12mm = 12/1000 = 0.012m

Volume of cement mortar required = ( Plastering Area x thickness )

= 100 mx 0.012m = 1.2 m3

Take 35% Sand Bulkage and 20% wastage

Volume (with bulkage) = 1.2 mx (1+0.2+0.35)

= 1.86 m3

Cement : Sand (Ratio) = 1 : 6 ( Total = 1+ 6 = 7 Parts )

Cement required (1 Part) = 1.86 x 1/7

= 0.265 m/0.0347

= 7.66 bags (Approx – 8 Bags)

Sand required (6 Part) = 1.86 x 6/7

= 1.59 m3


  4. Objectives of Plastering  

a. To provide a smooth and finished surface.

b. To protect the surfaces against atmospheric effects.

c. To resist chemical actions.

d. To cover defects in the structure.

e. To give a decorative appearance.


Read Also: Plastering work


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Er. Madhu Krishna Poudel
Er. Madhu Krishna Poudel
He is a founder and lead author of Dream Civil International and his civil engineering research articles has been taken as source by world's top news and educational sites like USA Today, Time, The richest, Wikipedia, etc.
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