Difference Between Lime and Cement

Difference Between Lime and Cement


Before knowing the difference between Lime and Cement; we have to know about the lime and cement.



Lime is a calcium product that is composed of calcium oxide or calcium hydroxide. It is the civil engineering material that is used for binding two or more mineral materials. It has many qualities like compressive strength, workability, hydrolocity, setting time, etc. So, it is mostly used as an alternative to cement.

Lime is mostly used for the preparation of lime concrete, lime mortar and sometimes used as lime ghola (a mixture of lime + water).



Cement is the binding material that is composed of calcium, silicon, aluminium, iron and many other materials. It is mostly used as a binding material throughout the world because of its qualities like high compressive strength, setting time, etc.

Cement is mostly used in the preparation of cement mortar, cement concrete and cement ghola (a mixture of cement + water)


Difference Between Lime and Cement

The difference between lime and cement is:

1It is less prone to cracking.It is more prone to cracking.
2It is less brittle.It is more brittle.
3It is white or greyish in colour.It is greenish-grey in colour.
4It slakes when wetted with water.It does not slake when wetted with water.
5It sets slowly when mixed with water.It sets rapidly when mixed with water.
6It delays the construction.No delay in construction as compared to lime.
7It possesses less strength.It possesses high strength.
8It allows vapour to pass through.It does not allow vapour to escape.
9It helps to reduce moisture and improve the environment of the home.It can absorb water causing moisture to accumulate especially in the basement.
10Its production does not cause global warming as cement.Its production greatly leads to global
11It has less embodied energy than cement.It has embodied energy.
12It is possible to manufacture lime on a small scale.It is impossible to manufacture cement on a small scale.
13Its binding strength is less compared to cement.It has strong binding properties than lime.
14Lime hardens slowly when mixed in producing mortar.The cement hardens quickly when mixed in a mortar.
15It cannot be used for important and heavy engineering structure.It can be used for important and heavy engineering structure.
16It is cheaper.It is expensive.



In terms of cost and environment; lime is best. It doesn’t lead to the production of harmful gases and contributes to controlling global warming. It is also possible to produce lime in small quantity. Hence, it is also economical to produce.

In terms of strength, durability and other qualities; cement is best because it poses high strength and good binding.


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