Skylights

What is Window? | 18 Types of Windows | Advantages & Disadvantages

 

  1. Introduction  

A window may be defined as the vented barrier which is used to provide fresh air, sunlight, and also to see the outside view from the structure.

The windows also help to increase the aesthetic beauty of the structure. Mainly windows are made of wood, steel, aluminum, etc.

 

Corner windows

 

For the strongest window, we can use a polycarbonate window because they are unbreakable as compared to other windows.

 

Things to be considered while choosing windows:

a. Always choose a window that reflects your architectural style.

b. Decide where you need to keep your window before choosing a window.

c. At first decide how much ventilation is required for our room.

d. Always choose windows that increase the aesthetic beauty and freshness of your room.

 

  2. Types of windows  

( Note: Mobile users are requested to tilt mobile or zoom figures for the best experience. )

Types of WindowImageUse
1. Single-Hung  WindowSingle-Hung WindowsUsed in newer home construction, apartment buildings, and office spaces.
2. Double-Hung WindowDouble-Hung WindowsUsed where it is risky to clean the outside of the window. You can clean the outside of the window from the inside.
3. Casement WindowCasement WindowsUsed in places where maximum ventilation is desired, such as a kitchen.
4. Awning WindowAwning WindowsUsed to protect from the weather while still allowing for ventilation.
5. Transom WindowTransom WindowsUsed to allow passage of air and light between rooms even when doors were shut.
 
6. Slider WindowSlider WindowsUsed to provides a more natural view of the outside world.
 
7. Pivoted windowPivoted windowsUsed for providing full ventilation.
 
8. Metal windows/Crittall windowMetal windowsUsed in municipal buildings, museums, churches, private homes, commercial buildings, schools, and universities.
 
9. Sash windowSash windowsUsed when classical aesthetic looking is required in a building.
 
10. Corner windowCorner windowsUsed to add aesthetics to the interior space.
 
11. Dormer windowDormer windows Used to increase the usable space in a loft and to create window openings in a roof plane.
 
12. Bay windows/Oriel windowBay windowsUsed for a myriad of purposes, from a reading or breakfast nook to window seating, or even as a lovely spot to showcase a piano.
 
13. Ventilator WindowVentilators Commonly used in storerooms, toilets or bathrooms, etc.
 
14. Skylight WindowSkylights Used to provide lighting, ventilation, views, and sometimes emergency egress.
 
15. Lantern windowLantern windowsUsed to provide sunlight in the day and sky view at night.
 
16. Clerestory windowClerestory windowsUses is to admit light, fresh air, or both.
 
17. Fixed windows/Picture windowFixed windowsUsed to provide view or light where ventilation or egress is not a need.
 
18. Arch windows/Radius windowArch windowsCommonly used for decorative purposes in the church.

 

  1. Single-Hung Window  

There are 2 sashes in the hung window.

The hung window having upper sash fixed and lower sash movable is called single hung window.

To open this window you need to raise the bottom sash towards the top.

It is basically used in newer home construction, apartment buildings, and office spaces.

The average price of a single-hung window in the market lies between $100 to $300 per window.

The cost of a single-hung window is 20% cheaper than a double-hung one. If we compare in case of maintenance single-hung windows are more expensive than double-hung windows.

 

  Suitability  

1. Room on the ground floor.

2. Room with fewer ventilation needs.

 

  Advantages of Single-hung Window  

Lower maintenance:

When compared to double-hung windows, about maintenance, single-hung windows appear to require less maintenance. The window comes with fewer sashes that can cause an additional cost. In addition, it doesn’t have more glass to get damaged.

More affordable:

Depending on the manufacturers, the price of single-hung windows may vary, but they are always less expensive than double-hung ones. Generally, the price of single hung windows can be up to 15% less than that of double-hung windows.

 

  Disadvantages of Single-hung window  

1. Need professional cleaning.

2. More expensive

3. Less airflow/ventilation

 

Single-Hung Windows

 

  2. Double-Hung Window  

Double-Hung Window is a type of hung window that has a feature of double moving slash.

Any sash can move up and down allowing for ventilation on the top, bottom, or both.

The average price of a double-hung window in the market lies between $400 to $600 per window. 

It is very easy to clean no need for professional cleaning. It is expensive during installment but cheap during the time of maintenance.

 

  Suitability  

1. Suitable for all types of rooms.

2. Room with more ventilation needs.

 

  Advantages of Double-hung window  

Ease of cleaning:
As the sashes of a double-hung window can move up and down and also tilt in, the main advantage that they provide is the ease of cleaning. You can clean and shine the outside of your windows from the inside – rather than putting oneself in the hassle and danger of climbing ladders and scaffolding.

Superior Ventilation:

Another great advantage the double-hung windows provide is ventilation and airflow control. For maximum ventilation. you can open both the top and bottom sashes of your window.

Energy Efficiency:

Installing double-hung windows can drastically decrease heating and cooling costs as they are designed to be energy efficient.

Addition-Friendly:
Double-hung windows also provide great ease to install window AC units. As they are designed to slide up and down rather than cranking out or sliding to the side, they can safely hold AC units, and allow for their easy removal as well.

Safe operation design:

As these windows don’t crank out or project outwards. their design eliminates the risk of accidents in high-traffic areas like walkways, decks, and patios.

Variety:

Double-hung windows are known for their classic appeal They are suitable for any home or room. There is a lot of variety in their styles, sizes. colors, and finishes.

 

  Disadvantages of Double-hung window  

1. It is very expensive.

2. Repairing these windows is impossible.

3. Trap heat if not colored.

Double-Hung Windows

 

  3. Casement Window  

A casement window is a window that is fixed to its frame by one or more hinges at the side.

It can be open outward to left or right allowing for full top to bottom ventilation.

This type of window is mainly used in kitchens, bedrooms, bathrooms, etc.

The average price of a casement window in the market lies between $300 to $600 per window.

Casement windows can be the best choice because of their design.

 

  Suitability  

1. Suitable for cottage and contemporary properties.

2. Suitable for places where maximum ventilation is needed.

 

  Advantages of Casement window  

1. Presence of muntins

2. Fully open window

3. Provide security

 

  Disadvantages of Casement window  

1. You cannot add window air conditioners into casement windows due to the windows cranked outside. Air conditioners require windows that slide up and down to add a window conditioner unit.

2. Unable to open during storms and glass can break down if open during the storm.

3. It is expensive than double-hung windows, twice than double-hung windows price.

 

Casement Windows

 

  4. Awning Window   

An awning window is hinged at the top and swings out from the bottom, gliding open and close with the turn of a handle.

It is commonly used to provide safety from the weather while still permitting ventilation.

They will permit little to no leakage from rain when it is open. So, we can enjoy fresh air in our house, school or office, even when the weather is not so good.

The average cost of an awning window in the market lies between $325 to $895 per window.

 

  Suitability  

1. All types of rooms.

2. Rooms with more ventilation needs.

 

  Advantages of Awning window  

1. Proper Ventilation

2. Moisture Protection

3. Create a Modern Look

4. Environmentally conscious

5. Versatility

 

  Disadvantages of Awning window  

1. High traffic hazard

2. Require frequent washing

3. Difficult escape route

 

Awning Windows

 

  5. Transom Window  

A transom window is historically used to permit passage of air and light between rooms even when doors were closed.

The average cost of a transom window in the market lies between $200 to $575 per window set.

 

  Suitability   

1. Suitable for rooms with less natural light.

2.  Often suitable for above Garage doors.

 

  Advantages of Transom window  

1. Environmental friendly

2. Natural sunlight

3. Privacy

4. Add aesthetic beauty.

 

  Disadvantages of Transom window  

1. Heat gain

2. Frequently cleaning

3. No ventilation

4. Unique shape but cost more.

Transom Windows

 

  6. Slider Window  

A slider window is a window whose sashes slide back and further rather than up and down like more traditional windows.

The average cost of a sliding window ranges from $600 to $1,200.

 

  Suitability  

1. Room where more ventilation is needed.

2. Suitable for living room, study room, school.

 

  Advantages of Slider window  

1. Easy to open and close.

2. Accessibility.

3. Less expensive.

4. Broken glass can be replaceable.

 

  Disadvantages of Slider window  

1. Hard to clean.

2. Dirt and debris get stuck in tracks.

3. might be risky for a family having small children.

 

Slider Windows

 

 

  7. Pivoted window  

A pivoted window axis from the middle either vertically or horizontally from hinges in the center of the frame.

The average cost of a pivoted window in the market lies between $378 – $785 per window.

 

  Suitability  

1. Suitable for a range of uses whether exterior or interior windows.

2. Suitable for fewer ventilation rooms.

 

  Advantages of Pivoted window  

1. Able to use large dimensions with just one window.

2. Protect from snow and rain.

3. Easy to open and close.

4. Easy to clean

 

  Disadvantages of Pivoted window  

1. Risk of pinched fingers while operating.

2. Suitable for modern homes.

3. Requires frequent washing and cleaning.

 

Pivoted windows

 

  8. Metal window/Crittall window  

Those windows are made of steel are known ad Metal windows.

The metal window is also known as the crittall window.

Steel is used as a metal for crittall windows because it is the strongest material for window frames which we can afford and also makes it the most secure and safe.

The average cost of a metal window in the market lies between $975.99 to $2255.93 per window.

 

  Suitability  

1. Suitable for all types of rooms.

2. Good for medium ventilation needed rooms.

 

  Advantages of Metal window  

1. Provides security

2. Less maintenance

3. Repaired easily

4. Decrease your heating and cooling costs since they come with insulating properties.

5. Fire resistance

 

  Disadvantages of Metal window  

1. Heavyweight.

2. Expensive

3. Not suitable for every climate.

4. Chance of rusting if not galvanized.

 

 

Metal windows

 

  9. Sash window  

A Sash window is a type of casement window, but in this case, panels are fully glazed. It consists of a top, bottom, and intermediate rails.

The space between the rails is divided into small panels utilizing small timber members called sash bars or glazing bars.

The average cost of a sash window in the market lies between $1135.19 to $ 1923.63 per window.

 

  Suitability  

1. Suitable for wet climate.

2. Rooms where more ventilation needs.

 

  Advantages of Sash window  

1. Add aesthetic beauty.

2. No leakage during rain.

3. Longevity

4. Do not protrude

5. Easy cleaning.

6. Easy installment of the air conditioner.

7. Ventilation

 

  Disadvantages of Sash window  

1. Obstruction in view

2. Hard to clean

3. Small panes

4. Limited access

 

Sash windows

 

  10. Corner window  

The corner window is used to surplus the aesthetic beauty of the house.

The glass-to-glass corner can be utilized where an external view is needed without any type of disruption from corner joints. The window permits more light to enter and can be utilized as an architectural feature.

The corner window is expensive as compared to other windows.

The average cost of a corner window in the market is $25 – 50 /sq feet.

 

  Suitability  

1. Suitable for Living room, study room, kitchen, etc.

2. Suitable for rooms that need daylighting.

 

  Advantages of Corner window  

1. Corner windows serve light and ventilation from all directions at right angles to each other.

2. These windows give an attractive appearance to the house.

3. It provides an architectural property for changing the elevation of the house.

4. Adds aesthetics of the interior space.

5. It is an improved way to serve light to the interior spaces of the house.

6. It opens up the interiors to the surrounding landscape by serving a view.

 

  Disadvantages of Corner window  

1. Difficult to install corner windows.

2. Difficult to clean.

3. Less energy efficient.

 

Corner windows

 

  11. Dormer window  

A dormer is a roofed structure having a window which is known as a Dormer window.

A vertical window that projects from a sloping roof and normally throws light to a bedroom.

The average cost of the Dormer windows is $115 per square foot.

 

  Suitability  

1. Suitable for roof room.

2. Suitable for darkrooms.

 

  Advantages of Dormer window  

1. Source of light

2. Ventilation

3. Overall Design

4. Add aesthetic beauty

5. Increase space

6. Versatile

7. Better Exterior

 

  Disadvantages of Dormer window  

1. High maintenance

2. Expensive

3. Professional labor is needed.

 

 

Dormer windows

 

  12. Bay windows/Oriel window  

Those windows that project from an upper story and are fixed by corbels. Bay windows are connected historically with mansions of the early English Renaissance.

The main purpose of a bay window is to provide extra light than would a window blush with the wall line.

The average cost of the bay window in the market lies between $1,299 to $2000 per window.

 

  Suitability  

a. Suitable for the ground floor.

b. Suitable for medium climate areas.

 

  Advantages of Bay window  

1. Add aesthetic beauty

2. Additional space.

3. Natural sunlight

4. Enhanced View

5. Cheap

 

  Disadvantages of Bay window  

1. Not suitable for hot climate are.

2. Lack of privacy

3. Structural issue.

4. Difficult to install.

 

Bay windows

 

  13. Ventilators  

Ventilators are types of windows that are small compared to standard windows. Ventilators are commonly used in toilets, bathrooms, living rooms.

Ventilators are utilized for supplying fresh air from the outside into the interior. They are utilized in rooms with natural ventilation. The ventilator is placed to throw out hot air from the room, toilet, and bathrooms.

The average cost of Ventilators is $6.14/ Square Feet.

 

  Suitability  

a. Suitable for the toilet, bathrooms, and kitchens.

b. Suitable for less ventilation needed rooms.

 

  Advantages of Ventilator window  

1. Supply of fresh air from the outside

2. Air circulation

3. Natural sunlight

4. Control impurities

5. Cheap

6. Reduce temperature

 

  Disadvantages of Ventilator window  

1. Natural Ventilation Depends on Weather

2. Installment is expensive

3. Affect the interior design

 

Ventilators

 

  14. Skylights  

The skylight windows are such types of windows that are built-in roofs to provide light to a room.

This type of window is bad for the place where there is colder. Because the window is made of glass and snow directly affects the strength of glass. So, it might be a bad idea for cold regions to use this type of window.

The average cost of Skylight windows in the market lies between $900 – $2,130 per window.

 

  Suitability  

a. Suitable for the sleeping room.

b. Suitable for natural light.

 

  Advantages of  Skylight window  

1. Better ventilation

2. Increase space

3. Natural sunlight

4. Add aesthetic beauty

5. Cheap

6. Reduce temperature

 

  Disadvantages of Skylight window  

1. Heat trap

2. Not suitable for hot regions.

3. Too much light

4. Poor insulation

5. Leakage issue.

 

Types of Windows

 

  15. Lantern window  

Lantern window is such type of window which is covered glass opening that is made to provide the natural light flow in. Roof lanterns can be called skylights, sometimes. Whenever more light is permitted to pass into a room.

The average cost of Lantern windows in the market is $1,600 to $2400 per window.

 

  Suitability  

a. Suitable for the roof house.

b. Suitable for natural light.

 

  Advantages of Lantern window   

1. Better ventilation

2. Increase space

3. Natural sunlight

4. Add aesthetic beauty

5. Cheap

6. Reduce temperature

 

  Disadvantages of Lantern window  

1. Heat trap

2. Not suitable for hot regions.

3. Too much light

4. Poor insulation

5. Leakage issue.

 

Lantern windows

 

  16. Clerestory window  

Clerestory window is such a type of window made in a high section of the wall that contains windows above eye level. The aim is to pass light, fresh air, or both. It is a series of small windows or large windows only.

 

  Suitability  

1. Suitable for roof house.

2. Suitable for natural light

 

  Advantages of Clerestory window  

1. Cheap

2. Increase space

3. Add aesthetic beauty

4. Natural sunlight

5. Better ventilation

6. Reduce temperature

7. Privacy

8. Free up wall space.

 

  Disadvantages of Clerestory window  

1. Heat loss problem

2. Too much light

3. Poor insulation

 

Clerestory windows

 

  17. Fixed window  

Fixed windows are simple and standard windows that are commonly used in different countries. It is also called a picture window.

These types of windows do not have a handle, hinges, or any useable hardware. Fixed windows permit light to enter while remaining close to the exterior environment. It is used to permit light in the room and for aesthetic beauty only.

The average cost of the fixed windows in the market lies between $225-$725 per window.

 

  Suitability  

1. Suitable for all rooms.

2. Suitable for no ventilation needed room.

 

  Advantages of Fixed window  

1. Energy efficient

2. Low maintenance

3. Provide expansive view

4. Natural light

 

  Disadvantages of Fixed window  

1. No circulation of fresh air

2. Energy gain in a warm climate.

3. Expensive

4. Poor Ventilation

 

Fixed windows

 

  18. Arch window/Radius window  

Arch windows are such types of windows that consist of rectangle and arch on top. It is a commonly used window, it provides light, air and increases the aesthetic beauty of the house.

An arch window might be lengthy like a casement window or wide like an awning window. In traditional homes, arch windows were utilized to create a Victorian-like effect.

 

  Suitability  

1. Suitable for all rooms.

2. Suitable for no ventilation needed room.

 

  Advantages of Arch window  

1. Good Energy efficient

2. Versatility

3. Timeless appeal

 

  Disadvantages of Arch window  

1. Expensive

2. Less circulation of air

 

Arch windows

 

  3. Advantages of Windows  

1. It supply light and fresh air.

2. Increased home value.

3. Increases home security and safety.

4. Decrease dust and allergens.

5. Advance home comfort.

6. More energy efficiency.

7. Noise reduction.

8. Enhanced curb appeal.

9. Low-maintenance solutions.

 

  4. Disadvantages of Windows  

1. Decreases the security of the house.

2. Increases the construction cost.

3. Maintenance is required.

4. Needed to be clean daily.

5. High chance of breakage of glass.

 

Read More:  Living Room Accessories

 

Read More:  Sill Level

 

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