Earthquake in Haiti: Aftershocks, Deaths, Epicenter & History

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  1. Earthquake in Haiti  

At 08:29:09 EDT on 14 August 2021, a magnitude 7.2 earthquake hit the Tiburon Peninsula in the Caribbean nation of Haiti. It had a hypocenter of 10-kilometer-deep (6.2 mi) near Petit-Trou-de-Nippes, exactly 150 kilometers (93 mi) west of the capital, Port-au-Prince.

 Date (AD)Time (NST)EpicenterDeathsMagnitude
Main Shock 14 August 202108:29:09 EDTTiburon Peninsula, Haiti2,2487.2
Aftershock (900)August 19, 20215:00 Pm

EDT

west on the Tiburon Peninsula05.8

 

Tsunami caution was released for the Haitian seaside. At least 2,248 people were confirmed to be killed as of 1 September 2021 and above 12,200 injured, mostly in the Sud Department. An estimated 650,000 people are in requirement of help. A minimum of 137,500 buildings were destroyed or damaged badly.

This earthquake is the deadliest earthquake and the deadliest natural disaster of 2021. It is also a bad disaster to hit Haiti since the 2010 earthquake.

UNICEF calculated that more than half a million children were directly affected. The Haitian Civil Protection General Directorate (DGPC) told of a possible big humanitarian crisis outcoming from the earthquake.

 

Earthquake in Haiti

 

 

USAID gave the US $32 million in foreign aid to Haiti for rehabilitation efforts following the destructive earthquake. This earthquake had the most victim of any disaster since the 2018 Sulawesi earthquake, which took life between 4,340 and 5,007 people, majorly from a tsunami. The economic loss from this earthquake is determined at over 1.5 billion US dollars, almost 10% of the country’s gross domestic product.

 


 

  2. Aftershocks Earthquake in Haiti  

At least 900 aftershocks have been recorded following the mainshock, the strongest being Mw 5.8 in magnitude and centered approximately 65 kilometers further west on the Tiburon Peninsula. Fresh tremors shook Les Cayes city on August 19, 2021.

Earthquake in Haiti on January 24, 2022, the same area was hit by two aftershocks, having a magnitude of 5.3 and 5.1 Mw  respectively. Because of aftershocks, two people were dead; one because of a landslide in Fonds-des-Nègres, and the other in Anse-à-Veau by the failure of the wall. 52 people were also injured. A minimum of 191 houses were damaged and 600 were damaged in Nippes.

 

Earthquake in Haiti

 


 

  3. Earthquake in Haiti in 2010  

On 12 January 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti, leaving its capital Port-au-Prince destroyed. More than 220,000 people were noted to be dead, among them, 102 United Nations employees who died when the building housing the mission there, known as MINUSTAH, was destroyed.

 

DateLocationMagnitudeMMIDeath InjuriesCasualties
2010-01-12Port-au-Prince7.0 MwX100,000–316,000300,000Extreme damage

 


 

  4. List of Earthquakes in Haiti  

 

Date

(AD)

LocationMag.MMIDeathInjuriesCasualties
2022-03-23Grand’Anse5.1 MwV05Minor damage
2022-01-24Nippes5.3 MwVI252Moderate damage
2021-08-14Nippes, Les Cayes7.2 MwIX2,24812,763Severe damage
2018-10-07Port-de-Paix5.9 MwVI18580Moderate damage
2017-09-02Hinche4.3 MwIV01Minor damage
2011-06-24Port-au-Prince3.5 MwIII07Injuries caused by stampede.
2010-01-12Port-au-Prince7.0 MwX100,000–316,000300,000Extreme damage
1994-03-02Port-de-Paix5.4 MwV4Damaged houses
1964-04-20Nord6.6 MwVII0Significant damage
1953-01-255.72Moderate damage
1887-09-23Môle-Saint-Nicolas0Severe damage / tsunami
1864-05-19Jacmel0Moderate damage / tsunami
1860-04-08Anse-à-Veau0Moderate damage / tsunami
1842-05-07Cap-Haïtien8.1 Ms5,300Extreme damage / destructive tsunami
1784-07-29Port-au-Prince–Léogâne–Petit-Goâve0Severe damage
1775-12-180Minimal damage/tsunami
March 17750Minimal damage/tsunami
1770-06-03Port-au-Prince7.5 Mw250+Severe damage / tsunami
1751-11-21Port-au-Prince8.0 Ms0Severe damage
1751-09-15Port-au-Prince0Moderate damage / tsunami
1701-11-09Léogâne–Petit-Goâve0Moderate damage
1562-12-027.7 MI0Concepción de la Vega destroyed

 


 

Read Also: How are Earthquakes Measured?

 

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