Table of Contents
|The density of sand varies between 1450 to 2082 kg/m³. This article will discuss the density of different sand types.|
Sand is a mixture of small refined grains of granular materials and rocks.
✔ Sand is commonly defined by size, i.e. it is finer than gravel and coarser than silt ranging in size from 0.06mm to 2mm.
✔ Most types of sand are formed by soil erosion, weathering of the rocks, broken pebbles, and gravels carried by rivers, streams, etc.
✔ The elemental composition of sand mainly includes unconsolidated granular materials consisting of rock fragments, mineral particles, or oceanic materials.
1. Density of Sand
There is no constant density of sand, and it varies according to the type and nature of the sand.
The density of sand varies between 1450 – 2082 kg/m³.
a. Density of Loose Sand:
✔ The density of loose sand is 1442 kg/m³.
It is dry sand that has been moved or agitated to loosen the natural packaging process.
b. Density of Dry Sand:
✔ The density of dry sand is 1602 kg/m³.
It is sand in its undisturbed natural form, where it has been partially compacted by rain and gravity over time but is now dry.
c. Density of Packed Sand:
✔ The density of packed sand is 1682 kg/m³.
Sand that has been packed manually or mechanically (compacted).
d. Density of Wet Sand:
✔ The density of wet sand is 1922 kg/m³.
This sand has been in a naturally compressed environment that is now wet.
e. Density of Wet-Packed Sand:
✔ The density of wet-packed sand is 2082 kg/m³.
This is compacted sand that is also almost saturated with water.
f. Density of M Sand:
✔ M sand has a density of 1850 kg/m³.
M sand means manufactured sand, also called artificial sand.
Its specific gravity is about 2.56, and its F. M. value lies around 3.10.
g. Density of River Sand:
✔ The density of river sand is 1650 kg/m3, which means 1650 kg of river sand occupies 1 cubic meter of volume.
Based on Extraction, the Density of Sand can be given as:
|Type of Sand||Description||Density in Kg/m³|
|River Sand||Dry and extracted from the bottom of freshwater bodies.||1500-1540|
|River Alluvial Sand||It is extracted by the alluvial method and has a fraction of 1.6-1.9 mm.||1650|
|Career Sand Normal||Produced in quarries and foundation pits using the reclamation method||1500-1520|
|Career Sand Fine-Grained, Seedy Dry||Produced in quarries and foundation pits using the reclamation method||1800-1850|
|Construction Sand Normal||Commonly used type of sand in construction.||1680|
|Construction Sand Loose||Used in lightweight concrete preparation.||1450|
|Nautical||The sand of medium size, located at the bottom of the seas||1600|
|Ravine||Open areas include a large number of impurities that reduce technical characteristics||1400-1420|
|Slag||Produced by recycling waste from the metallurgical industry||700-1200|
|Perlite||Extracted from swollen volcanic hard rock by crushing||75-400|
|Gravelly||It has a large number of gravel impurities and requires screening||1750-1900|
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|Read Also: 27 Types of Sand|