A floor is the bottom surface of a building room. Flooring is defined as the term for a permanent decorating of a floor, or for the work of establishing such a floor covering. A floor covering gives a smooth, clean, impenetrable and durable surface. Types of floor are explained below.
Types of Floor
Following are some of the major types of floor:
1. Mud Floor:
The floor having mud as its top cover is called mud floor. These floors are not constructed in commercial or professional buildings but only in residential buildings in backward areas where there is less development.
2. Brick floor:
The floor whose topping is constructed of brick is the brick floor. These are easy to build up and repair but the surface obtaining from these is not smooth and is rough. Hence, it fastly absorbs and retains moisture which may lead to occur dampness in the building.
3. Tile floor:
The floor whose topping is of tiles is called the tile floor. The tiles utilized may be of any wished quality, colour, shape or thickness.
4. Flagstone floor:
The floors whose topping possess of stone slabs are called flagstone floor. The stone slabs utilized in it may not be of a similar size but should not be more than 750 mm length and not less than 350 mm in width and 38 mm in thickness.
5. Cement concrete floor:
The floors whose topping is composed of cement concrete is called cement concrete floor or conglomerate floor. These floors consist of 25 mm to 50mm thick concrete layer set down over 100 mm thick base concrete and 100 cm thick clean sand over ground whose compaction and consolidation are prepared or done. These floors are mostly utilized in the present day.
Advantages of cement concrete flooring are as follows:
1. It is incapable of absorbing or mixing and thus it is very utilized for water stores.
2. It is durable and it is mostly utilized in kitchens, bathrooms, schools, hospitals, drawing rooms, etc.
3. Cement concrete flooring is smooth and agreeable in appearance.
4. It is economical and has the merits of costlier types of floors.
5. It contains good wearing properties and can be simply maintained clean.
6. Terrazzo floor:
Terrazzo is a flooring material that is constructed traditionally by exposing marble chips on the surface of concrete and then waxing until smooth. Terrazzo is widely slippery and can cause the problem of falls, so it may not be used as a good flooring choice for family members.
7. PVC Flooring:
Dumaplast gives 100% water withstand PVC flooring that effortlessly resists extreme humidity. Fineness is another to traditional laminate flooring. It is the perfect flooring for wet rooms such as bathrooms and kitchens.