## Shrunk Scale | Shrinkage Factor | Importance of Shrunk Scale | Numerical Example

1. What is the scale?   The scale is the fixed ratio that every distance on the plan bears with the corresponding distance on the ground. E.g: 1cm : … Read More

## Preliminary Estimate | Numericals of Preliminary Estimate

1. Introduction   The preliminary estimate is an estimate to seek out an approximate cost in a short time. It is also known as a rough estimate made in … Read More

## Rise and Fall Method | Numericals of Rise and Fall Method

1. Introduction   The rise and fall method is the method of calculating the difference in elevation between consecutive points in levelling work. Some of the points you have … Read More

## Property Valuation: Fixation of Rent

1. Overview   One of the important aspects of property valuation is the fixation of standard rent for a property. The standard rate may be defined as the rent … Read More

## Earned Value Analysis

1. Introduction   Earned Value Analysis commonly referred to as EVA is a technique used for work schedule control and project cost control. Controlling schedule is an important project … Read More

## Cement, Sand & Aggregate Calculation in Concrete

Before Starting Numerical, Learn These    1 cub.m = 35.31 cub.feet Density of Cement = 1400kg/cub.m Density of Sand = 1450 kg/cub.m Density of Aggregate =1500 kg/cub.m Concrete … Read More

## Delta Duty Relationship | Derivation & Numerical | Delta | Duty | Base Period

The relationship between Delta, Duty, Base Period is given below after definitions.     i. Duty   The duty of water is the relationship between the volume of water and … Read More