Unit Weight of Soil

Soil is formed by weathering of rocks. It contains minerals, organic matters, gases, liquids, organisms, fossils, etc. It has its texture, porosity, colour, structure and chemistry depending upon the composition … Read More

Types of Brick Bonds

Brick is the oldest and most useful construction material used all over the world for masonry construction. Brick masonry is used extensively as it is a highly durable form of … Read More

Types of Formwork

Formwork (also called falsework, centring and shuttering) may be defined as the timber or other materials which are used to form moulds into which concrete is poured at site. There … Read More

Types of Polymer Concrete

Through different research, it has been found that the addition of polymer in concrete brings high improvement in its compressive strength, toughness,  fatigue resistance, impact resistance and durability. Polymer concrete … Read More

Artificial Stones

Artificial stones are also called as cast stones or reconstructed stones. These are not commonly used in ordinary building construction because of the heavy cost. Artificial stone can be moulded … Read More

Quarrying of Stones

Quarrying of stones is an art of extracting stones from the rock beds. The place from which the stones are obtained (by digging or blasting) is known as ‘Quarry’. Quarrying … Read More

Types of Lintel

The lintel is also called a lintel beam. Lintel refers to the structural element that is provided at the lintel level of the building. We will discuss the types of … Read More

Total Station in Surveying

The total station in surveying is an instrument that is primarily designed as a combination of electronic transit theodolite, an electronic distance meter (EDM) and software that runs on an … Read More

Two Way Slab

In two way slab, the ratio of the longer span to the shorter span is less than two i.e.  Longer Span/Shorter Span <2 The load is carried in both directions … Read More